developing writing pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………… ix
Chapter 1: “Square Dancing” …………………………………………………. 1
I. Mechanics: Capital letters at the beginning of sentences
and for names. Periods at the end of sentences…………………. 2
II. Grammar: Subject pronouns ……………………………………………. 2
III. Grammar: Conjugation of be in the present ………………………. 3
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 4
V. Sentence Construction: Sentence patterns with be……………… 4
VI. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 5
VII. Controlled Composition: Changing from first person
to third person pronouns and verbs…………………………………… 6
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Puzzle ………………………………………. 7
Chapter 2: “The Weekend Cook” ……………………………………………. 8
I. Mechanics: Capital letters for nationalities and for
the days of the week ………………………………………………………. 9
II. Grammar: Third person -s forms in the present tense ………… 9
III. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 10
IV. Grammar: Object pronouns ……………………………………………… 10
V. Sentence Construction: Sentence patterns with present
tense verbs …………………………………………………………………… 11
VI. Grammar: Adverbs of frequency with be and other
main verbs …………………………………………………………………….. 12
VII. Grammar: Adverbs of time at the beginning of the sentence .. 14
VIII. Controlled Composition: Responding to questions ……………… 14
IX. Free Composition……………………………………………………………. 14
Chapter 3: “That’s Not My Job” ……………………………………………… 15
I. Grammar: Contractions with pronouns and be, be and not…… 16
II. Grammar: Spelling noun plurals ………………………………………. 16
III. Grammar: Possessive’s with people …………………………………. 16
IV. Mechanics: Review of capitalization and punctuation ………….. 17
V. Grammar: Choosing a or an ……………………………………………. 17
VI. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 18
VII. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 18
VIII. Sentence Construction: Sentence patterns with present
tense verbs …………………………………………………………………… 18
Chapter 4: “In a Restaurant” …………………………………………………. 20
I. Mechanics: Review of capitalization and punctuation ………….. 21
II. Grammar: Noun plurals …………………………………………………… 21
III. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 21
IV. Grammar: Articles ………………………………………………………….. 22
V. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 22
VI. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 22
VII. Sentence Construction: Sentence patterns with present
tense verbs …………………………………………………………………… 23
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Puzzle ………………………………………. 24
Chapter 5: “Pen Pals: Roberto Writes a Letter” ………………………. 25
I. Mechanics: A. Noun plurals
B. Capital letters for the names of streets,
cities, states, and countries. Commas and
question marks ………………………………………… 26
II. Grammar: Possessive adjectives………………………………………. 26
III. Controlled Composition: Replacement exercise …………………. 27
IV. Grammar: Prepositions of place: in, on, at ………………………… 28
V. Grammar: Questions with be ……………………………………………. 28
VI. Grammar: Questions with do ……………………………………………. 29
VII. Sentence Construction: Asking and answering questions…….. 30
VIII. Controlled Composition: Incomplete letter………………………….. 30
Chapter 6: “Pen Pals: Sara Writes Back”…………………………………. 31
I. Mechanics: A. Noun plurals
B. The exclamation point ……………………………….. 32
II. Grammar: Making negative statements with don’t and doesn’t …. 32
III. Mechanics: Review of capitalization and punctuation ………….. 33
IV. Sentence Construction: Making questions about topics ………. 33
V. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 34
VI. Controlled Composition: Incomplete dialog ………………………… 34
VII. Grammar: Articles ………………………………………………………….. 35
VIII. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 35
Chapter 7: “Enormous Cabbages Show the Effect of  Long Alaskan Days” ……………… 36
I. Mechanics: Capital letters for the names of continents, oceans,
rivers, mountains, valleys, and the months of the year ………. 37
II. Grammar: The definite article the before proper names ………. 37
III. Grammar: Sentence combining with and, or, but, and so …….. 39
IV. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 39
V. Sentence Construction: Expanding sentences
with adjectives ……………………………………………………………….. 40
VI. Controlled Composition: Incomplete letter………………………….. 41
VII. Controlled Composition: Incomplete dialog ………………………… 42
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: An Alaskan crossword puzzle………. 43
Chapter 8: “Food Customs” …………………………………………………… 44
I. Mechanics: Capitalization and punctuation ………………………… 45
II. Grammar: Sentence combining with the main verb deleted …. 46
III. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 47
IV. Sentence Construction: Noncount nouns ………………………….. 47
V. Grammar: Articles ………………………………………………………….. 48
VI. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 48
VII. Controlled Composition: Writing about your food habits ………. 48
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Word puzzle ……………………………… 49
Chapter 9: “The Kramers’ Woodpile” …………………………………….. 50
I. Mechanics: A. Third person -s forms
B. Review of capitalization and punctuation………. 51
II. Grammar: Review of the rules for articles with
common nouns ……………………………………………………………… 51
III. Grammar: Using the definite article the for second
mention of nouns ……………………………………………………………. 52
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 52
V. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 53
VI. Controlled Composition: Responding to a picture ……………….. 53
VII. Sentence Construction: Words that are both nouns and verbs .. 54
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Compound nouns ………………………. 54
Chapter 10: “In the City or in the Suburbs?” ……………………………… 55
I. Grammar: Count and noncount nouns with articles ……………. 56
II. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 56
III. Sentence Construction: Statements with There is and There are .. 56
IV. Sentence Construction: Questions with Is there and Are there .. 58
V. Grammar: Word order with adverb phrases ………………………. 59
VI. Grammar: Sentence combining review ……………………………… 59
VII. Controlled Composition: Incomplete letter………………………….. 60
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Compound nouns ………………………. 61
Chapter 11: “Riddles” ……………………………………………………………… 62
I. Grammar: Review of verbs in yes-no questions …………………. 63
II. Grammar: Information questions ………………………………………. 63
III. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 64
IV. Grammar: Possessives with things …………………………………… 65
V. Sentence Construction: Writing riddles ……………………………… 66
VI. Grammar: Choosing prepositions …………………………………….. 67
VII. Controlled Composition: Choosing relevant information ………. 67
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Puns ………………………………………… 68
Chapter 12: “Crowding” ……………………………………………………………. 70
I. Mechanics: Using commas in a series ……………………………… 71
II. Grammar: Spelling -ing verb forms …………………………………… 71
III. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 72
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 72
V. Grammar: The definite article the before prepositional phrases 73
VI. Sentence Construction: Making questions about topics ………. 73
VII. Controlled Composition: Incomplete dialog ………………………… 74
VIII. Controlled Composition: Choosing relevant information ………. 75
Chapter 13: “Corner Stores and Supermarkets”.……………………….. 77
I. Mechanics: A. Spelling of -ing forms
B. Capital letters for the names of
companies and stores……………………………….. 78
II. Grammar: Comparison of adjectives …………………………………. 78
III. Sentence Construction: Making comparisons …………………… 80
IV. Controlled Composition: Choosing relevant information ………. 81
V. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 81
VI. Grammar: The definite article the with specific groups ………… 82
VII. Controlled Composition: Variety in sentence types ……………… 82
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Crossword puzzle ………………………. 83
Chapter 14: “Family Roles” ………………………………………………………. 84
I. Mechanics: A. Noun plurals
B. The colon before a list of examples……………… 85
II. Grammar: The past tense of to be …………………………………… 85
III. Grammar: The past tense with regular verbs …………………….. 86
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 87
V. Sentence Construction: Comparisons with more, less,
and fewer ………………………………………………………………………. 87
VI. Grammar: Sentence combining: compound sentence parts…… 88
VII. Controlled Composition: Variety in sentence types ……………… 89
VIII. Controlled Composition: Choosing relevant information ………. 90
Chapter 15: “Tall Tales” ……………………………………………………………. 91
I. Mechanics: A. Review of comparisons ……………………………… 93
B. Quotation marks………………………………………… 93
II. Grammar: Past tense irregular verbs…………………………………. 94
III. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 94
IV. Sentence Construction: Questions and negatives with did …… 94
V. Grammar: Using very, too, enough, so…that,
and such…that……………………………………………………………….. 95
VI. Controlled Composition: Organizing ideas ………………………… 96
VII. Controlled Composition: Responding to a picture ……………….. 97
VIII. Controlled Composition: Responding to a picture ……………….. 98
Chapter 16: “Making a Banana Split” ………………………………………… 99
I. Mechanics: A. Regular and irregular past tense verbs
B. Using a comma after a subordinate clause …… 101
II. Grammar: The past progressive tense ……………………………… 101
III. Controlled Composition: Past narration ……………………………… 102
IV. Grammar: Sentence combining with adverb clauses ………….. 102
V. Grammar: Review of articles, some as a quantifier……………… 103
VI. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 103
VII. Controlled Composition: Organizing ideas ………………………… 104
VIII. Controlled Composition: Past narration ……………………………… 104
IX. Free Composition……………………………………………………………. 104
Chapter 17: “A Debate: Dogs in the City” …………………………………. 105
I. Mechanics: A. Review of comparisons
B. The semi-colon in sentence combining ………… 106
II. Grammar: Sentence combining with subordinate
conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs ……………………………….. 107
III. Sentence Construction: Concentration ……………………………… 108
IV. Grammar: Modal auxiliaries ……………………………………………… 109
V. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 110
VI. Controlled Composition: Variety in sentence types ……………… 110
VII. Controlled Composition: Incomplete dialog ………………………… 111
VIII. Free Composition……………………………………………………………. 112
Chapter 18: “Planning a Trip” …………………………………………………… 114
I. Mechanics: Contractions with have and will ………………………. 115
II. Sentence Construction: The present perfect tense ……………… 115
III. Controlled Composition: Incomplete dialog ………………………… 117
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 117
V. Grammar: Indefinite pronouns: some, any, and one ……………. 118
VI. Grammar: Sentence combining practice ……………………………. 118
VII. Sentence Construction: Writing complete sentences ………….. 119
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Past participles as adjectives ………. 120
Chapter 19: “Phobias” ……………………………………………………………… 122
I. Mechanics: Nonrestrictive relative clauses ………………………… 123
II. Grammar: Restrictive relative clauses ……………………………….. 123
III. Grammar: Subject-verb agreement …………………………………… 124
IV. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp …………………………………. 125
V. Sentence Construction: Writing definitions ………………………… 125
VI. Grammar: Substituting that for which or who …………………….. 125
VII. Controlled Composition: Organizing ideas ………………………… 126
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Present participles as
adjectives ………………………………………………………………………. 127
Chapter 20: “A Day at the Beach”……………………………………………… 128
I. Mechanics: Quotations and paragraphs ……………………………. 129
II. Grammar: Final review of articles …………………………………….. 129
III. Controlled Composition: Dicto-comp ……………………………….. 130
IV. Grammar: Reduced relative clauses …………………………………. 130
V. Sentence Construction: Indefinite pronouns:
one, ones, and kind ………………………………………………………… 131
VI. Grammar: Choosing prepositions …………………………………….. 132
VII. Controlled Composition: Variety in sentence types ……………… 133
VIII. Vocabulary and Spelling: Crossword puzzle of
irregular verbs ……………………………………………………………….. 133
Appendix A: Common Irregular Verbs………………………………………… 135
Appendix B: Review of Grammar……………………………………………….. 138
Appendix C: Answers to Puzzles ……………………………………………….. 141

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4 COMMENTS

  1. peaple have a bunch of question concerning the best way to increase their vocabulary and bieng more fleunt like a native american even we admite that to be perfect is impossible here

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