Ethnic Minorities in China

Ethnic Minorities in China

China is the homeland of 55 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China’s vast population, and it is the Han civilization that the world considers “Chinese culture.” Yet, the 55 ethnic minorities have preserved their own rich traditions and customs, and all are part of Chinese culture. However, those 55 ethnic groups were not easily selected. After 1949 a serious effort to choose real minorities began. At first, there were about 400 minority groups who claimed to be separate groups, but after four years of detailed research and fieldwork, 54 ethnic groups were officially recognized as independent nationalities. A 55th was added in 1979. Those ethnic groups were determined by four elements. The first was a distinct language. A group should have a unique language which is not simply a dialect. Although there were hundreds of Chinese dialects spoken in China, only some were considered languages, because they had distinct grammatical and phonological differences from Chinese. Second, a recognized indigenous homeland. A group needed to have a land within the national frontiers of China, from
which the group originated. The group should also have a native history related to the native land. Third, distinguished customs ranging from dress, marriage rituals, cuisine, religion, and so forth. Finally, to be taken as ethnic minorities, all groups needed to share a strong sense of identity feeling with other members of the group, along with historically
perceived friends and enemies among other groups.

I Comprehension:
1. Are these sentences true or false? Justify 2pts

a.The Han is the largest minority group in China.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b. There are 400 minority groups in China.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. Read the text and answer the following questions ? (2pts)
aIs China a cosmopolitan society? why ?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b What are the elements that determine an ethnic group?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. Find in the text words which mean the same as (1pts)
a. belonging naturally to a place:…………………………………………..
b.bTraditions:………………………………………………..
II Language:
1. Fill in the gaps with the right words from the list: 3 pts

Prejudices— stereotypes—autonomy—oppressed —deprived—implemented.

For decades now, Palestinians have been struggling for their ……………., but they haven’t been successful till now. So many laws were introduced but they were never ……..Now the struggle still continues to win back all the rights they have been ……………..of.

2. Rewrite the following sentences correctly: 2 pts
a. The detailed research lasted about four years. The research was conducted by the Chinese authority.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b. Ethnic groups needed to have their own historical land. Their grandfathers used to live in that land.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………

SOURCEMustapha Alfakihi
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I started teaching in 2004 after I got my BA degree in English from Kenitra. These days I am pursuing a Master’s degree in English too in the same university. I am interested in implementing ICT in learning and bringing the best to my students, whom I do love and consider as my kids.

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