Past perfect tense
Past perfect tense

1. Form of the past perfect

Had + past participle

Ex : had played

Had seen

Had gone

2. Use of the past perfect

  • The past perfect is used to clarify the order of two actions in the past. Consider this example:

My brother went to school at 07h45. I woke up at 09h00.

The 1st action is (my brother went to school)  the 2nd action is (I woke up).

So The first action is going to be in the past perfect , whereas the second action will be in the simple past.

My brother had gone to school before I woke up .
 
  • The past perfect is used to express regret or wishes in the past.consider this example:

Last year I didn’t have good grades because I didn’t work hard.

                     I regret I hadn’t had good grades.

                     I wish I had worked hard.

  • The past perfect is used with Conditional type 3 .consider this example:

Last year I didn’t have good grades because I didn’t work hard.

If I had worked hard , I would have had good grades .

If + past perfect

  • The past perfect is used in reported speech. consider these examples:
  1. Direct speech : ” I saw a film yesterday”
  2. Indirect: he said he had seen a film yesterday.
  1. Direct speech : ” we have just finished our meal”‎
  2. Indirect: he said they had just finished their meal.

3. Time expressions used with past perfect

Past perfect
Simple past
as soon as , never , already When
Until , just , since By the time
after Before

Examples :

  • My brother had gone to school before I woke up .
  • after I had revised my lessons , I watched a film .
  • I had never seen such a film before .

 

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I started teaching in 2004 after I got my BA degree in English from Kenitra. These days I am pursuing a Master’s degree in English too in the same university. I am interested in implementing ICT in learning and bringing the best to my students, whom I do love and consider as my kids.

1 COMMENT

  1. First of all thank you so much for sharing, I appreciate the way u teach students… but it seems to me that it d be better to teach only the main use of the past perfect ,that is an action that happened before another in the past… yet, what u shared is an opportunity for teachers to refresh their minds.Keep up the good job . Thank you so much again.

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