prefixes and suffixes
Prefixes and suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes

Prefixes:

are a group of letters that come at the beginning of a word and they change its meaning :

example : happy / unhappy war / postwar

Suffixes:

are a group of letters that come at the end of a word and they change its category ( verb – noun – adjective – adverb….)   :
example :

child / childish
comfort / comfortable
lazy /lazily

  • generally speaking there are three types of suffixes :
    • Verb suffixes

are suffixes added to adjectives or nouns to make verbs .

dark (adjective) => darken

centre (noun) => centralize

    • Noun suffixes

are suffixes added to verbs, adjectives, or nouns to make nouns.

manage (verb) => management

serious ( adjective) => seriousness

friend (noun) => friendship

  • adjectival suffixes

are suffixes added to nouns, adjectives , or verbs to make adjectives .
beauty (noun) => beautiful

economic (adjective) =>economical
excite (verb) => excited

NOTE : a word without any prefix or suffix is called the root

List of Common prefixes

Prefix Meaning Examples
anti against, opposed to antibiotic, antiwar, anti-virus, antifreeze
auto self/by oneself autobiography – autograph – autodidact – automatic
bi two bicycle – bilingual – bilateral
co with – together co-worker , co-producer , co-author
counter against, opposing counter-clockwise , counteract , counter-attack
de undo / opposite action / remove depress , demotivate , decode , degenerate
dis not / the opposite of dislike , distrust , disable , disagree , disorganised, disarm ,disadvantage ,disable , disobey
en cause to be or become enlarge ,enrich ,endanger ,enable ,enact
ex former / previous ex-teacher , ex-president , ex-student, ex-wife
il not ( used before a word beginning with the letter “L” like legal) illegal ,illogical ,illicit ,illegitimate
im not ( used before a word beginning with the letter “m” like mature or “p” like possible) immature ,impossible ,improbable ,imperfect -impersonal ,immodest ,immobile
in not / opposite to indistinct , inaccurate , indecent , inhuman ,incorrect , incapable , insufficient , incomprehensible , incomparable
in in , movement to insert , instil , inbuilt
inter among / between / connected international , inter-ship , intercontinental , internet
ir not ( used before a word beginning with the letter “r” like rational) irrational , irregular , irresistible , irresponsible ,irrelevant
mis wrongly / badly mislead , mistake , misunderstand
mono one / having one monolingual , monosyllabic
multi many multicultural , multilingual , multimedia
neo new / based on something old but in a new form neocolonialism , neoclassic , neonatal ,non-conservative
non not non-governmental , nonsense , non-essential
out more / to a greater extent outnumber , outlive , outrage , outlaw
over above / too much overcook , overheat , overdo , overeat , overpaid
poly many polyglot , polyclinic , polygamy
post after /come after postwar , post-conflict , post-communism ,post-colonialism
pseudo false pseudonym , pseudo-scientist ,
pre before / come before prehistoric , prefix , pretest , predict , prepare
pro in favour of pro-American , pro-capitalist , proactive
re back / do again redo , rewrite , rename , revisit
self by oneself self-made , self-sufficient , self-service ,self-taught , selfish
half semi half-baked , halfway , half-time
sub under / beneath submarine , subject , subordinate , subway
super above / beyond superpower , superman , superstar
tele far telephone , telescope , telecommunicate , telescope
trans across transcontinental , transatlantic , transfer , transform
un not unknown , unjust , unkind , unsafe , unable
under below / beneath / not enough , insufficient underline , under-age , underemployed , underpaid

 

List of Common suffixes

suffixes meaning examples
-able/-ible liable / that can be of /capable of drinkable , washable , disposable , believable ,
responsible
-ai /ial has the property of personal , industrial , financial , critical , musical
-ance state /condition or quality acceptance , inheritance , performance , assistance ,importance ,guidance
-ant quality or state / full of assistant , distant , important , pleasant , ignorant , relevant , tolerant
-ate to make cooperate , procrastinate , coordinate , decorate ,collaborate , accelerate , activate , donate , animate
-ent quality or state fluent , innocent , prudent , silent , different ,confident
-ar one who / thing which / from liar , regular , muscular , solar , lunar , similar
-ary like / connected with / belonging to stationary , dictionary , legendary , imaginary ,necessary , secondary , documentary , summary , voluntary
-dom state or condition freedom , boredom , wisdom
-cy state or quality literacy , accuracy , frequency , fluency , democracy ,privacy
-ed past from turned , collected , cooked , killed
-en made of (adjective) golden , wooden
-en to make (verb) lengthen , widen , shorten , soften , threaten
-ence quality or state reference , conference , residence , difference ,violence , existence , competence
-ent one who resident , president
-er one who teacher , writer , painter , worker , player
-er comparative taller , shorter , bigger , smaller , faster
-ful full of / with hopeful , painful , careful , joyful , skilful ,peaceful , successful , harmful ,wonderful
-hood state / condition / period fatherhood , girlhood , neighbourhood , adulthood ,womanhood , brotherhood
-ic having the property of / connected with heroic , economic , automatic , periodic , allergic ,fantastic
-ify make …./cause…. clarify , justify , purify , solidify , classify ,simplify , qualify , verify , identify
-ion act / process action , prediction , pollution , solution , addition ,occupation , description , explanation , classification
-ish like / similar to / of a nationality childish , girlish , mannish , Spanish , British ,foolish
-ism act / action / behaviour / doctrine tourism , cubism , criticism , socialism , journalism ,racism , feminism , heroism
-ist person with specific knowledge , belief or behaviour optimist , typist , specialist , stylist , socialist ,novelist , dentist
-ive connection / function / disposition / character /quality / tendency / inclination detective , destructive , impressive , massive ,productive , creative , active , attentive , passive , relative ,addictive
-ity state / quality or condition sanity , ambiguity ,, ability , purity , fraternity ,dignity
-ize / -ise bring about a state or condition / make modernize , colonize , advertise , summarise , analyse
-less without homeless, childless , fearless , toothless ,sleepless ,jobless
-ly every daily , weekly , monthly
-ment action / process enjoyment , employment , development , movement ,environment , agreement
-ness quality / state of being kindness , openness , darkness , awareness , happiness ,greatness
-or the person who actor , doctor , advisor , counsellor ,governor , sailor
-ory the state of being / relating to satisfactory , discriminatory , repository ,contradictory , compulsory
-ous full of / having marvellous , religious , famous
-ship state or experience of having a specific position leadership , relationship , championship , citizenship,friendship , membership
-y the state of / having sunny , rainy , happy

exercises

Prefixes and suffixes

 

Leaderboard: Prefixes and suffixes

maximum of 84 points
Pos. Name Entered on Points Result
Table is loading
No data available

5 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here