Relative clauses
Relative clauses

Relative clauses

  • Both Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses begin with WH-words (who , which , whose ……..)‎
  • Restrictive clauses: are not set off by commas , they are dependent , very important and limit the meaning .‎
  • Nonrestrictive clauses: are set off by commas , they are independent , not very important to the meaning

Who = refers to a person
whom = refers to the object of a verb
Which = it refers to an object (preferences) ‎
when = refers to a time
where = refers to a place
Whose = refers to possession ‎
That = people, animals, and things‎

‎ Examples :

  • a woman teaches us, French . the woman has a beautiful car

the woman who/that teaches us French has a beautiful car

  • a bird is on the tree . the bird is singing

the bird which/that is on the tree is singing

  • I met a boy yesterday .the boy is my cousin

the boy whom I met yesterday is my cousin

  • the government helps poor families .their children go to school.

the government helps poor families whose children go to school

  • summer is a season . many people love to go to the beach in summer

summer is a season when people love to go to the beach

  • Morocco is a beautiful country . many tourists love  to spend their holidays in  Morocco

Morocco is a beautiful country where many tourists love  to spend their holidays in

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In the exam , you will be asked to fill in the gap in a sentence with the correct relative pronouns or join / link two separate sentences using a given relative pronoun.Below are exercises that give you enough practice for that .

exercises

Another matching exercise is here : RELATIVE CLAUSES – MULTIPLE CHOICES.

relative clauses

Leaderboard: Relative clauses

maximum of 50 points
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