Gateway 2 unit 3: The Gifts of Youth

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Gateway 2 unit 3: The Gifts of Youth

Vocabulary: Qualities of youth

  • adventure: willingness to take risk.
  • imagination: the mental ability of forming new ideas.
  • passion: intense enjoyment, interest, or excitement.
  • ambition: a strong desire to do or achieve something.
  • vigour: physical strength or good health.
  • creativity: the ability to generate new methods or innovative ideas.
  • vitality: the state of being strong and active
  • talent: natural aptitude, ability or skill.
  • audacity: courage,  fearless, disposition to do something.
Noun Adjective Noun Adjective
Vitality Vital vigor Vigorous
imagination Imaginative adventure Adventurous
Passion Passionate creativity Creative
Talent Talented motivation Motivated
Audacity Audacious Courage courageous
Enthusiasm Enthusiastic Ambition ambitious
Skill Skilful Gift Gifted

 Idiomatic expressions 

an Idiom is  an expression that can not be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own. here are some examples:

  • Rain cats and dogs: to rain heavily. It’s raining cats and dogs.
  • In the bag: Certain or extremely likely to occur. Don’t worry about the final exam. It’s in the bag.
  • Dead loss : something described as a dead loss is absolutely unsuccessful or useless (a complete failure) When it comes to maths, my sister is a dead loss.
  • With flying colours : easily and excellently. They had their exam with flying colours.
  • Be a cold fish : be a person who is distant and unfeeling. He rarely talks to his colleagues. He’s a cold fish.

Functions/communication: Complaints

Complaining Accepting complaint Refusing complaint
  • I have a complaint to make. …
  • Sorry to bother you but…
  • I’m sorry to say this but…
  • I’m afraid I’ve got a complaint about…
  • I’m afraid there is a slight problem with…
  • Excuse me but there is a problem about…
  • I want to complain about…
  • I’m angry about…
  • I’m so sorry, but this will never occur / happen again.
  • I’m sorry, we promise never to do the same mistake again.
  • I’m really sorry; we’ll do our utmost/best not to do the same mistake again.
  • I do apologize.
  • Sorry about that
  • I do express my apology .
  • I am very sorry.
  • Sorry there is nothing we can do about it.
  • I’m afraid, there isn’t much we can do about it.
  • We are sorry but it is just alright.

Grammar: Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verbs consist of a verb + a particle (preposition, adverb). The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely. For example::

  • look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary)
  • look for – seek (look for her ring)
  • look forward – anticipate with pleasure (look forward to meeting someone)

to see a list of phrasal verbs click on : phrasal Verbs

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