Amnesty International

Amnesty International

Amnesty International is a worldwide volunteer organization funded entirely by subscriptions and donations. It is totally independent of any government, political faction, ideology, economic interest or religious creed.
The organization works for the release of ‘Prisoners of conscience’ men, women, and children imprisoned anywhere for their beliefs, color, sex, ethnic origin, language or religion. It also seeks fair and immediate trial for all political prisoners detained without charge and opposes torture and the degrading treatment of prisoners. It is
also against the death penalty for all types of crime.
Amnesty works by collecting information. When it has proof that a person is a ‘Prisoner of Conscience’, that person’s case is handed over to a local group. The local groups are ordinary individuals who believe in Amnesty’s work. They send letters to governments, embassies, leading newspapers and the prisoner’s family and friends. They also collect signatures and raise money to send medicine, food, and clothing to the prisoners and their families. These volunteers use their freedom of speech to win the same freedom for their adopted prisoner.
Paradoxically, Amnesty International is an organization that will only be satisfied when it has become redundant.

COMPREHENSION: (15 points)

A. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct. (4 points)

1. Amnesty International is supported …

a) by people with left-wing views.
b) in part by government assistance.
c) by people who give money or subscribe to the organization.

2. Amnesty gathers information …

a) to determine if someone is a `Prisoner of Conscience’.
b) to support its local groups.
c) for the `Prisoners of Conscience.

3. The local groups are composed of …

a) representatives from governments, embassies, leading newspapers, etc.
b) special people who know the prisoners and their families.
c) normal people who have the same views as Amnesty International.

4. Amnesty International will go on working until

a) many `Prisoners of Conscience’ are released from prison.
b) its work becomes unnecessary.
c) the `Prisoners of Conscience’ are redundant.

B. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? Justify. (4.5 points)

1. Amnesty International follows a religious creed.
2. Amnesty International fights for the release of any prisoner who opposes violence.
3. The local groups get paid for their activities.

C. Answer the following questions according to the text. (4.5 points)

1. What are the aims of Amnesty International?
2. Who is a prisoner of conscience?
3. Give two things that Amnesty local groups do?

D. Find a word or phrase in the text which is similar in meaning to: (2 points)

1. looks for, tries to obtain (paragraph 2)
2. most important (paragraph 3)

LANGUAGE: (15 points)

A. Rewrite these sentences as suggested. (6 points)

1. Many political prisoners are detained without charge.
They ………………………………………………….
2. The weather was not fine, so I stayed at home.
If ………………………….., ………………………………..
3. “Where were you yesterday, Nancy?”
They wanted to know ……………………………………….
4. Although Mary is gifted in art, she has never won any prize.
Despite …………………………………………………………..

B. Fill in the blank with the right particle from this list: (2 points)

on – off – up – down – in – out

1. Go …… speaking. I am listening to everything you say.
2. The story Kate told wasn’t true. She made it …….
3. They will call …… the match because of the rain.
4. The police never found …… who committed the crime.

C. Match the words that go together to make collocation. (2 points)

a. assembly
1. communication b. attention
2. gender c. gap
3. general d. a mistake
4. make e. organizations
f. technology

D. Rewrite these sentences putting the adjectives in the right order. (2 points)

1. Barbara bought a black beautiful new car.
2. Sarah is wearing a multicolored cotton smashing dress.

E. Functions: What do these sentences express? (3 points)

1. If only I had revised my lessons!
2. I went to the market in order to buy some vegetables.
3. My deepest sympathy is with you.

WRITING: (10 points)

You have just received a letter from a friend of yours. He/she is asking you for help. He/she wants to know which place is better for a summer holiday: Asilah or Ifrane.
Write him/her an email telling him/her the similarities and the differences between the two.

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