Children Day-care Centers

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Children Day-care Centers

Children Day-care Centers

I am astonished every morning when I see the army of pre-school children, even infants, leaving their homes to be dropped off at day-care centers while their parents work. What has happened to the traditional family values of raising young children at home with a loving mother? In a single generation, most young mothers have gone off to work.

Today, new-borns are spending their waking hours cared for by workers who are not well paid and who have too many other children to take care of. Generally, the quality of day-care is poor. And even when the children are sick, they are regularly sent to day-care centers because no one is at home to take care of them; little children have to sit
in front of a TV set all day.

Certainly, there are some circumstances, as in a single-parent family, where it is necessary for the mother to work and find someone else to care for a young child. More often, both parents are working not because they have to, but because they want a second car, a bigger house or apartment, an extravagant vacation …The little children suffer as
a result.

Psychologists tell us that the quality of nurturing during the child’s earliest months and years determines the emotional health of the child and the adult he or she will become. For children to be separated from their parents is an emotional trauma. I fear for what this day-care generation will be like as adults and even as teenagers. I hope that the parents of young children will reconsider their consumer desires and go back to the traditional American family values. Young children belong at home with love, warmth, and the security of a parent to care for them.

COMPREHENSION (15 points)

A/ ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS. (5 pts)

1- What do most parents do every morning before they go to work? (1 pt)
……………………………………………………………………
2- Why is the quality of day-care poor? (2 pts)
………………………………………………………………
3- According to the writer, is it necessary for all those parents to go out to work? Explain. (2 pts)
………………………………………………………………………………………

B/ ARE THESE SENTENCES TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY. (2 pts; 1 pt each)

1- In a single-parent family, the mother needs someone to look after her young child.
………………………………………….
2- The writer is against keeping the traditional American family values.
…………………………………………

C/ COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES. (2 pts; 1 pt each)

1-As there is no one to look after them, even sick children..…………………
2- According to psychologists, the child’s emotional health depends on …………………………

D/ WHAT DO THE UNDERLINED WORDS IN THE TEXT REFER TO? (4 pts; 1 pt each)

1. their (paragraph 1) refers to …………………………………………………
2. they (paragraph 2) refers to …………………………………………………
3. where (paragraph 3) refers to …………………………………………………
4. he or she (paragraph 4) refers to …………………………………………………E/

E/ FIND EXPRESSIONS IN THE TEXT THAT MEAN THE SAME AS THE FOLLOWING. (2 pts; 0.5 pt each)

1. bringing up (paragraph 1) …………………………………………………
2. look after (paragraph 2) …………………………………………………
3. consequently (paragraph 3) …………………………………………………
4. rethink (paragraph 4) …………………………………………………

LANGUAGE (15 POINTS)

A/ REWRITE THE SENTENCES AS INDICATED. (5 pts / 1 pt each)

  1. They have made a lot of progress.
    → A lot of progress ………………………………………………………………
  2. Parents shouldn’t keep medicines within children’s reach.
    → Medicines …………………………………………………………………
  3. The players didn’t train enough last month, so they lost the match.
    → If the players ……………………………………………………………………………
  4. Cigarette-smoke is likely to cause cancer in humans because it contains poisonous substances.
    → Since …………………………………………………………………………
  5. In spite of his very young age, he can drive a car easily.
    → Even though …………………………………………………

B/ PUT THE VERBS BETWEEN BRACKETS IN THE CORRECT FORM. (2 pts / 1 pt each)

1. By the end of next month, Sam (finish) ……………………………… the project.
2. Before he got a job in a fast-food restaurant, Fred (be) ……………………………… an Olympic athlete.

C/ FILL IN THE GAP(S) WITH THE APPROPRIATE WORD OR EXPRESSION FROM THE LIST. (4 pts / 1 pt each)

1. Please fill ……………… the application form and send it by express mail.

a. up b. down c. out d. in

2. Mike: ‘What was the exam like, Carol?’ Carol: ‘Great! It was a piece of ……………….’

a. cake b. cheese c. pie d. bread

3. I hate having to go to school on Saturdays. If only I ……………… class on that day.

a. don’t have b. didn’t have c. won’t have d. hadn’t had

4. Our association gives the poor free meals. ………………, it helps them to find jobs.

a. Consequently b. Nevertheless c. Moreover d. Because

D/ GIVE THE CORRECT FORM OF THE WORDS BETWEEN BRACKETS. (2 pts / 1 pt each)

1. According to the US constitution, George Bush couldn’t be (elected) ……………………………
2. Thanks to (vaccinate) ……………………………… a lot of diseases have disappeared forever.

E / MATCH THE WORDS THAT GO TOGETHER TO MAKE APPROPRIATE COLLOCATIONS. (2 pts / 0.5 pt each)

1. Educational
2. Gender
3. Scientific
4. Funny
a. discrimination
b. research
c. joke
d. system

 

WRITING (10 POINTS)

“To wear or NOT to wear? That’s the question!”
Write an article for your school magazine expressing your opinion in favor or against wearing school uniforms.
Give arguments to support your position. (approximately 150 words)

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