Comparative and superlative

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Comparative and superlative

1 – Comparative

We use comparative to compare something or someone to something or someone else .Look at this example :

comparative
x is 1.50 cm

y is 1.70cm

  • Y is taller than X.
  • x is shorter than Y

2 – Superlative

We use superlative to compare three or more people or things .Look at this example :

superlative
x is 1.50 cm

y is 1.70cm

z is 1.80

  • Z is the tallest man

 

3 – Forming comparative and superlative

to form comparative or superlative we need to know if / whether  the adjective is short or long .

  • A short adjective contains ONE syllables  .
  • A long adjective contains MORE THAN ONE syllables .

url A very simple way to know a syllable is by paying attention to the vowels you hear when you say a word . For example the adjective large has two vowels large , but when you say it you hear only ONE VOWEL.

 

 The rule
Comparative Superlative
short adjective  adjective + er than  the + adjective + est
long adjective  more + adjective + than  the most + adjective

 

Spelling Rules

adjectives ending in :

– e -r / -st

large – larger – largest

 

-Y  ier / iest

heavy – heavier – heaviest

One stressed vowel between two consonants double the consonant

big – bigger – biggest

Irregular forms
adjective comparative superlative
  •  good
  • bad
  • much
  • many/a lot
  • little
  • far (distance and extent)
  •  better
  • worse
  • more
  • more
  • less
  • further / farther
  •  best
  • worst
  • most
  • most
  • least
  • furthest /farthest

 

4 – similarity 

we use similarity to say that someone or something is just the same as or like an other one or something else .

similarity

A is 1.73 cm
B is 1.73 cm

A is as tall as B

 

The rule :

As + adjective + as

Note : there is no difference between short or long adjective when forming similarity .

  • Karim is as hard-working as Sohaib .
  • Salwa is as quiet as her sister .

 

Need Some exercises?

here are they :

Comparative and superlative exercise 1

Comparative and superlative exercise 2

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