Conditional type 3
Conditional type 3: this lesson explains the form and the use of conditional type 3. it also provides a link to exercises if you want to practice this.
The form of conditional type 3
[ if + past perfect ] +[would have + past participle]
[If + Subject + Verb (past perfect) + complement]
[subject + would + verb (present perfect) + complement]
- If she had taken her umbrella, she wouldn’t have gotten wet
- Tom would have had better marks if he had revised his lesson.
The use of conditional type 3
when we use the conditional type 3 we are referring to an impossible situation in the past. we wish the opposite of that situation.
consider this situation :
|last month Ann was sick. Her friend Joan didn’t know this, and she didn’t go to see her.
they met again after Ann got better.
Joan said :
If I had known that you were sick, I would have gone to see you.
this means, that in reality, Joan didn’t know Ann was sick that why she said: ” if I had known….”
and she didn’t go to see her.