English Test with Answers: Global Warming

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English Test with Answers: Global Warming

English Test with Answers: Global Warming

Our planet is probably getting warmer. The 1980s saw the six warmest years in weather records. Burning fuels put polluting gases into the air. These gases then act like the glass in a greenhouse and keep the heat in. This is called the greenhouse effect and it leads to global warming. Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas, and millions of tonnes of it are produced by petrol, gas, and coal we burn every day.

Would we benefit from a warmer world? Could we not grow more crops in a wider area? Perhaps we could in some areas, but what worries scientists most is the changes that could occur in the planet’s weather patterns. Scientists make use of supercomputers, costing many millions of pounds each, in order to predict what the weather will be like in the next century. So what are the predictions?

Destructive droughts could strike more often and places which grow crops at the moment could turn semi-desert. Forests could decline and change, and wildlife would have to find new habitats. As ice on Greenland and Antarctica melts, the world oceans could creep higher onto the land. Large parts of low countries, such as Bangladesh already swept by floods and typhoons could be submerged. Cities like Miami, Venice, and New York would need to be protected from the sea.

But these are only predictions. Scientists know that the Earth is warming up, but they don’t know how this will affect our weather. Some scientists think that rich, as well as poor countries, should act now to slow down the earth’s warming. They argue that the longer we wait, the more difficult it might be to solve the problem. The future may lie in the use of alternative ways of getting the energy that does not involve the use of fossil fuels. Solar and wind energy are examples.

COMPREHENSION

A. ARE THESE SENTENCES TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY

  1. Scientists think that the sooner we find a solution to global warming, the better.

2. Animals won’t be affected by global warming.

B. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

  1. Where does CO2 come from?
  2. Find two examples of the devastating consequences of global warming according to scientists.

C. FIND IN THE TEXT WORDS OR EXPRESSIONS THAT MEAN THE SAME AS

  1. become less (paragraph 3):………………………
  2. move slowly (paragraph 3):………………………

D. PICK OUT FROM THE TEXT SENTENCES OR EXPRESSIONS WHICH SHOW THAT

  1. Scientists think that the world nations must do something to prevent global warming

2. The level of water in the sea will probably increase due to global warming.

E. WHAT DO THE UNDERLINED WORDS IN THE TEXT REFER TO?

  1. It (paragraph 1):………………………
  2. This (paragraph 4): ………………………

F. COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES FROM THE TEXT.

  1. Scientists predict that floods and typhoons would hit ……………………… areas.
  2. Alternative energy from the ……………………… and the ……………………… will probably replace energy from…………………….in the future.

II. LANGUAGE

A. FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE APPROPRIATE WORDS FROM THE LIST.

for instance – during – consequently – because – especially – apart from – as a result – despite – whereas – moreover

1. The injured man died………………………all the doctor’s efforts,
2. All the students passed the final exam………………………Ahmed who was never expected to fail.
3. A number of soldiers were seriously wounded………………………a sudden aircraft attack.
4. Tom’s offer for the job was turned down………………………he was black.
5. Aspirin is an effective drug for headaches………………………it’s very good for blood pressure.
6. There is much to do on weekends………………………you can go hiking or jogging.
7. She caught a cold………………………she could not come to the party.

B. PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE CORRECT FORM:

Two years ago, I (get)………………..a job at a company called WordTech. Now, I
(use)………………. computers at work every day, but before I (come) ………………….to the United States, I (never touch) …………….. a computer. It (not take) …………… me very long to learn basic computer skills because I (already, take ) …………………… a course in typing. By 2020, I (become) ………………. an expert in computing.

C. REWRITE THESE SENTENCES AS INDICATED.

1. It was necessary that the patient took three pills per day.

The patient………………………………………………………….

2. Although the doctor prescribed Samir 5 tablets a day, he took more than 10.

In spite of ………………………………………………………….

3. “Why didn’t you come here yesterday?”

He wanted to know………………………………………………………….

4. It was wrong of them to hide the truth.

They shouldn’t………………………………………………………….

5. I invited John, but he spoiled the party.

If only………………………………………………………….

III. WRITING

Royal Air Maroc is asking Moroccan students to write an article, in English, about some aspects of the Moroccan culture. The best article will be published in the RAM magazine and their writers will be given tickets to go to China and watch the Olympic games. Write an article in order to participate in this competition.

Answers

COMPREHENSION

A. ARE THESE SENTENCES TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY

  1. True. Because ” They argue that the longer we wait, the more difficult it might be to solve the problem”

2. False. Because “wildlife would have to find new habitats”

B. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

  1. Produced by petrol, gas, and coal
  2. Destructive droughts could strike more / Forests could decline and change / wildlife would have to find new habitats / the world oceans could creep higher onto the land

C. FIND IN THE TEXT WORDS OR EXPRESSIONS THAT MEAN THE SAME AS

  1. Decline.
  2. Creep

D. PICK OUT FROM THE TEXT SENTENCES OR EXPRESSIONS WHICH SHOW THAT

  1. Scientists think that rich, as well as poor countries, should act now.

2. The world oceans could creep higher

E. WHAT DO THE UNDERLINED WORDS IN THE TEXT REFER TO?

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Earth’s warming / Global warming

F. COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES FROM THE TEXT.

  1. Scientists predict that floods and typhoons would hit larger areas.
  2. Alternative energy from the sun and the wind will probably replace energy from fossil fuels in the future.

II. LANGUAGE

A. FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE APPROPRIATE WORDS FROM THE LIST.

1. The injured man died despite all the doctor’s efforts,
2. All the students passed the final exam apart from Ahmed who was never expected to fail.
3. A number of soldiers were seriously wounded during a sudden aircraft attack.
4. Tom’s offer for the job was turned down because he was black.
5. Aspirin is an effective drug for headaches. Moreover, it’s very good for blood pressure.
6. There is much to do on weekends. For instance, you can go hiking or jogging.
7. She caught a cold. As a result/Consequently,  she could not come to the party.

B. PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE CORRECT FORM:

1. Two years ago, I (get) got a job at a company called WordTech. Now, I
(use) am using computers at work every day, but before I (come) came to the United States, I (never touch) had never touched a computer. It (not take) didn’t take me very long to learn basic computer skills because I (already, take ) had already taken a course in typing. By 2020, I (become) will have become an expert in computing.

C. REWRITE THESE SENTENCES AS INDICATED.

1. The patient had to take three pills per day

2. In spite of the doctor prescribing 5 tablets a day to Adil, he took more than 10.

In spite of the fact that the doctor prescribed Samir 5 tablets a day, he took more than 10.

3. He wanted to know why I hadn’t come there the previous day.

4. They shouldn’t have hidden the truth.

5. If only I hadn’t invited John.

 

Want to practice more?Check this test with its answers : 

English Test with Answers: Literacy and Health

 

 

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