Formal informal and non-formal education review

Formal, informal and non-formal education review

These exercises are meant to be Unit Formal Informal and non-Formal Education review. They deal with vocabulary, reading, grammar, communication and writing. Just go to the section you like and do the exercises.

1Vocabulary

A. Give brief definitions of the following types of education.
1. Formal education:
……………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………
2. Non-formal learning:
……………………………………………………..……
…………………………………………………………………

3. Informal learning:
…………………………………………………………………………
……………………………

B. Here are a number of resources of learning; study and classify them according to the table below:
Television, university, home, journals, colleges, extra-hours, primary school, jokes, storytelling, high school, literacy classes, restaurants, political parties, proverbs, theatre, evening classes, secondary school, kindergarten, sayings, libraries, institutions of higher education, Koran school, gossiping, radio, homeschooling, lectures

Formal education Non-formal learning Informal learning
 ……………………… …………………………..  ………………………

 

C. Find in the list words that collocate with each of the four words, an example is given.

Background, institution, opportunities, subject, status, rights, uniform, year, lessons, school system, goals.

1- educational Background /…………….. / ……………..
2 – school …………….. / ……………../ ……………..
3- private …………….. /……………. / ………………..
4 – equal ………… /……………. /…………………

D. Fill in the blanks with appropriate collocation from the list.

rural poverty, equal opportunities, basic education, gender discrimination, free access, university degree, Adult Illiteracy.

1. All the students must have …………………………………… to have ………………..to more
institutions.
2. Nowadays, it‘s almost impossible to get a job without a ………………………………………………….
3. The lack of infrastructure in Morocco is one of the main causes of ………………………….
4. In rural areas, there is still ………………………………………
5. …………………………………………… can be an obstacle to a country‘s development
6. Morocco is putting……………………… in its top priorities.

2Reading Text

Learning, acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviours. It is common to think of learning as something that takes place in school, but much of human learning occurs outside the classroom, and people continue to learn throughout their lives.

Even before they enter school, young children learn to walk, to talk, and to use their hands to manipulate toys, food, and other objects. They use all of their senses to learn about the sights, sounds, tastes and smells in their environments. They learn how to interact with their parents, siblings, friends, and other people important to their world. When they enter school, children learn basic academic subjects such as reading, writing, and mathematics. They also continue to learn a great deal outside the classroom. They learn which behaviours are likely to be rewarded and which are likely to be punished. They learn social skills for interacting with other children. After they finish school, people must learn to adapt to the many major changes that affect their lives, such as getting married, raising children, and finding and keeping a job.

Because learning continues throughout our lives and affects almost everything we do, the study of learning is important in many different fields. Teachers need to understand the best ways to educate children. Psychologists, social workers, criminologists, and other human-service workers need to understand how certain experiences change people‘s behaviours. Employers, politicians, and advertisers make use of the principles of learning to influence the behaviour of workers, voters, and consumers.

C. Answer the following questions from the text.
1. What is meant by learning?…………………………………..
2. Where does learning happen?……………………………………
3. Why is it necessary to think about learning in many fields?
…………………………………………….

D. Are the following sentences true or false? Justify your choice.
1. Learning occurs only in the classroom
…………………………………….
2. People are affected by numerous changes
……………………………………

E. What do the following words from the text mean?
1. manipulate (paragraph 2)……………
2. siblings (paragraph 2)…………………………

3 GRAMMAR

A. Study the following sentences:
1. I stopped smoking.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. I stopped to smoke.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
REMARK: ………………………………………………

B. Read the following text and fill in the table as suggested. (Examples are given)
Amy works at a restaurant called ―La Notte‖. Amy likes working at the restaurant. She enjoys meeting new people and talking to the customers. The only problem is that the restaurant is open very late and Amy hates staying up late. She dislikes feeling tired in the morning. Amy really wanted to find a new job, but she was scared to try something completely different. She considered working in a clothing store, but she hates folding clothes. She tried to find a good job in the classified ads, but she wasn‘t qualified enough for most of them. Finally, she decided to work in a breakfast restaurant. Now she is able
to do what she loves but without the late nights! Amy Finds a New Job.

Verbs before gerunds Verbs before  infinitives Verbs before gerunds or infinitives
Likes,……… Wanted,…………….. Stop,……………

 

C. Add the following verbs to the appropriate columns in the table above.
Stop- Imagine- want- avoid- begin- afford- pretend- start- suggest- finish-detest- love agree- manage- -neglect-try- hope- regret-intend- prefer–plan- remember- need – decide -ask -neglect -expect -refuse

D. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1. Do you enjoy …………………… (dance)?
2. I refuse …………………… (participate) in the meeting?
3. Can you imagine …………………… (live) on a desert island?
4. You should avoid …………………… (hurt) Mrs Clark‘s feelings.
5. I promise …………………… (return) the books soon.
6. Would you mind …………………… (bring) a bottle of champagne?
7. I always look forward …………………… (meet) you.

E. Write 6 sentences with gerund and infinitive.
1. ……………………………………..
2. ……………………………………..
3. ……………………………………..
4. ……………………………………..
5. ……………………………………..
6. ……………………………………..

4 COMMUNICATION

A. Read the short dialogues and fill in the chart with the right expressions.
1. Sara: Can you lend me your English book, please?
wafae: I‘m sorry, I need it.
Sara: Thanks, anyway.

2. Samir: Could you type this letter for me, please?
Kamal: Yes, I think so.
Samir: Thank you very much, indeed.

3. Sabah: Sir, Would you mind my opening the window?
Karim: Not at all.
Sabah: thank you.

4. Kamal: Could I borrow the magazine for a while?
Rajae: I‘m sorry, I‘m afraid not.
Kamal: Oh, I see. Well, thank you, anyway.

Expressing request Responding to request
……………………………
……………………………
……………………………
………………………………..
……………………………
……………………………

B. Add more expressions to the table above.

C. Write a short dialogue in which you use the expressions of making and responding to request.
……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..

5 WRITING

Study the following examples.
Karima visited the doctor because she was sick.
Antar did not succeed although he studied hard.

A. Join the following sentences with the linking words between parentheses.
1. Anna took a part-time job. She needed some money. (therefore)
…………………………………………………………………….
2. Maria is saving some money. She wants to buy a new washing machine. (so as to)
……………………………………………………………….
3. She is very intelligent. She is ambitious. (moreover)
………………………………………………………………………
4. I did not finish my homework. The light went off. (since)
………………………………………………………………………………
5. Many farmers are poor; that‘s why they leave their land towards the cities. (because of)

D. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate linking word from the list.
1.…………………………her hard training, her performance is still unsatisfactory.
(however, due to, because, despite, as a result)
2. Aicha joined literacy classes ………………learn how to read and write.
(in order to, because, however, despite)
3. The government invests a lot of money in tourism……………………………, not many tourists visit our cities.
(Then, Yet, in spite of, So)
F. Write two sentences using different linking words.
1-……………………………………………………….
2-………………………………………………….

2 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here