Functions or Communicative functions are ready-made sentences that help you communicate in an accurate way. Below is a list of all the functions you will need – as a 2nd year baccalaureate students – in your BAC NATIONAL EXAM.
|1. MAKING SUGGESTIONS||-Shall we………………
-Why don’t we …………………
-How about + (gerund)……………
-What about gerund)…………………….
|– Shall we play some sport?
– Why don’t we pay a visit to Marrakech?
– How about going to the beach?
– What about going to the beach?
– Let’s have a walk in the beach?
· Accepting /Responding positively to a Suggestion
|-That’s a good idea.
-That’s a good suggestion.
-Yes, Let’s do it
-What a good idea!
-It sounds a good idea
|– That’s a good idea. It’s very hot
· Refusing /responding negatively to a suggestion.
|-I don’t think it’s a good idea.
-I don’t think it’s a good suggestion.
-No, let’s not
-I don’t feel like it
-What an awful / bad idea!
|– I don’t think it’s a good idea. The
beach is crowded today.
|2. MAKING OFFERS||-Can / shall I………..
-Would you like me to…..?
-Do you want me to…..
|–Can / Shall I Help you with this exercise?
–Would you like me to help you with this exercise?
– Do you want me to help you with this exercise?
· ACCEPTING OFFERS
|-That’s very/really kind of you.
-How nice of you!
-Yes, please if you don’t mind
|-Question: Can I help you?
Answer: Yes, please.
· DECLINING OFFERS
|-No, Thank you.
-Thanks. Don’t bother yourself.
-Thanks, but that won’t be necessary
|-Question: would you like me to help you?
Answer: Thanks. Don’t bother yourself.
|3. MAKING REQUESTS
· RESPONDING TO REQUESTS
|-Could / can you / ……….Please?
-Would / will you please…….
-Could you possibly……..
-Would you mind…….
|–Could I possibly use your mobile phone?
–would you please give me that book?
–could you possibly take this with you?
–Would you mind opening the window?
-yes of course.
Yes, of course. Here you are.
– I’m afraid you can’t.
-Sorry, but you can’t.
Sorry .The battery is down.
|4. ASKING FOR OPINION||-What’s your opinion about….?
-What do you think of………..?
-How do you feel about…….?
What do you think of Karim?
· GIVING OPINION
|-I think / believe………..
-It seems to me that ……….
-In my opinion ……………
-In my view ………………
– It seems to me that he’s good boy
– In my opinion he’s good boy
– In my view he’s good boy
. RESPONDING TO COMPLAINTS
|-I’m sorry to say this, but……..
-I am sorry to have to say this, but…
-I want to complain about……..
-I’m afraid I have a complaint about…
I’m afraid I have a complaint about the food in your restaurant.
-I’m (terribly/really) sorry about that.
-I’m sorry. I didn’t realize it.
-I apologize for that.
-Please accept my apology.
|· Refusing / Declining
-I am sorry, But there is nothing we can do about it.
-We are sorry , but this is out of our responsibility
|6. EXPRESSING LACK OF UNDERSTANDING||-I didn’t get your point.
-I don’t understand.
-Could you repeat, please?
-I’m not sure I got your point.
-I can’t see what you are driving at.
|– Could you repeat the last point in your
Presentation. I didn’t quite understand.
|7. ASKING FOR CLARIFICATION||-Could you clarify this point please?
-What do you mean?
-Could you explain?
-Could you explain this point?
-I’m not sure I understood it?
|8. EXPRESSING REGRET||-I ‘m really sorry
-I wish I had/hadn’t
-If only I hadn’t
|– I’m really sorry I didn’t go with you to
– I wish I had gone to Samir’s party. He was angry with me.
– If only I had gone to Samir’s party.
9. RESPONDING TO GOOD NEWS
|-Wow! That’s great / wonderful
-I’m glad to hear that!
-Oh, how wonderful!
-I can’t believe that!
A: You know what! I got the first mark in the last test.
B : Congratulations
10. RESPONDING TO BAD NEWS
|-I’m sorry to hear that!
-I can’t believe it!
-I do sympathize with you.
-Please, accept my deepest sympathy.
-I know how you must be feeling.
-That must be awful
-That’s awful / a pity / unfortunate
A: My friend had a car accident yesterday. B: Oh dear! I’m sorry to hear that!
11. APOLOGIZING (say sorry)
· ACCEPTING APOLOGY
– I’m (terribly/awfully) sorry about /
– I (do) apologize for
– Forgive me for
– It’s all my fault.
– I’m ashamed of…
– Please, forgive me for…
– Excuse me for …
– I’m terribly sorry for…
– Pardon me for this…
–I’m sorry to say this, I broke the plate.
–I’m terribly sorry; I’ll make sure they
won’t do it again.
– Please, forgive me for not doing the exercise.
|That’s ok / That’s all right
It’s not a problem
|-I (totally) agree with you.
-I share your view/idea/opinion.
|A: I believe students who revise their lessons regularly have good grades.
B: I totally agree with you.
|-I don’t agree (with you).
-I don’t share your view/ idea/point.
-I disagree (with you).
|A :I don’t think people should be involved in politics.
B: I disagree with you .citizens should take active role in their communities.
14. ASKING FOR ADVICE
· GIVING ADVICE
|-What do /would you advise me to do?
-What do you think I should do?
-What do you advise me to do?
-What should I do?
-What ought I to do?
-What’s your advice?
-If you were me what would you do?
|-I want to learn English. What do you
advise me to do?
|-I advise you (not) to do
-You ought (n’t) to …………
-You’d better (not) do
-If I were you, I would (not) do
-Why don’t you …….?
-If you take my advice, you’ll ………..
-It might be a good idea to …….
-Have you thought about + gerund….
|A: I want to lose some weight. I am getting fatter.
B: I advise you to play sports.
– If I were you, I would play sports.
– Have you thought about playing sport?
Note: Some examples are taken from other teachers’ lessons.
To download the lesson click here: FUNCTIONS
Exercises about this lesson are here : Exercises about functions