Vocabulary related to the unit
- Humor: Something said to cause laughter
- A Joke: A short story that causes laughter
- Humorous: Amusing, funny and laughable
- An impression: An amusing imitation of a famous person
- To make fun of someone: Laugh at someone ina mocking way
- To kid: To make jokes or to joke with someone
- Silly: Funny in a stupid way
- Witty: Funny in an intelligent way
Positive emotions or feeling: Joy – gaiety – delight – cheerfulness – merriment – vivacity – calm – satisfaction–
enthusiasm – optimism – jubilation.
Negative emotions or feeling: Anger – despair – depression – loneliness – sadness – frustration – worry – fear
Idioms: positive feeling /mood:
- Lift one’s spirit
- Things are looking up
- Walk on air
- Someone’s spirit rises
Idioms: negative feeling /mood:
- To feel quite down
- Someone’s heart sink in the depths of despair
- To be low
Functions: Expressing lack of understanding and asking for clarification
Show lack of understanding
- I beg your pardon.
- I beg your pardon, but I don’t quite understand.
- I’m not quite sure I know what you mean.
- I’m not quite sure I follow you.
- I don’t quite see what you mean.
- I’m not sure I got your point.
- Sorry, I didn’t quite hear what you said.
- Sorry, I didn’t get your point.
- I don’t quite see what you’re getting at.
Ask for clarification
- What do you mean by…?
- Do you mean…?
- Could you say that again, please?
- Could you repeat it, please?
- Could you clarify that please?
- Would you elaborate on that, please?
- Could you be more explicit?
- Could you explain what you mean by…?
- Could you give us an example?
- I wonder if you could say that in a different way.
- Could you put it differently, please?
- Could you be more specific, please?
Functions / communication: making request
A request is asking someone politely either for something or to do something.
- Can /could you + infinitive…
- Would you mind + gerund…
- Could I possibly…?
- I’d be grateful if you could…
- Can I request…?
- Have you got time to…?
- I have a request ……….
- I wonder if you can/could … Do you mind if …
- I need some help with…
- Do me a favor. Will you? ………
- lend me a hand with…
- If…, that would be a great help.
- Yes, Feel free
- of course, With pleasure
- Yes, sure.
- Yes, of course.
- Certainly yes.
- With pleasure.
- Sure, don’t worry.
- Sure, no problem.
- I am awfully sorry
- No, You/I can’t
- Oh sorry, I can’t.
- I just can’t, I am sorry.
- I am afraid, but I can’t.
- Certainly not.
– Speaker 1: Could you please help me with this exercise?
Speaker 2: Yes, of course.
– Speaker 3: Do you mind going with me to the market?
Speaker 4: No, I don’t mind (accepting request)
-Speaker 5: Would you mind giving your brother a lift downtown?
Speaker 6: Yes. (refusing request).
– Speaker 7: I wonder if you could possibly repair this engine?
Speaker 8: Sure, don’t worry
Grammar: Modal verbs
This lesson is thoroughly discussed here : Modal Verbs.