The Passive Voice
The passive voice is an easy lesson as long as we understand two things :
- Sentence order.
- The rule of passive voice.
Now let’s delve into explaining more what is said before.
Consider these changes in the table below :
|Active Structure||Passive structure|
|Subject(1)||Verb(2)||Object (3)||Object (3)||Verb(2)||Subject(1)|
|Tom||Speaks||English||English||is spoken||by Tom|
|The students||wrote||the lesson||The lesson||was written||by students|
|My dad||is reading||a newspaper||a newspaper||is being read||by my father|
As you may have noticed that the structure of the active is different from the passive in this way :
- Active : Subject + Verb + object
- Passive : Object + verb + subject
you may also have noticed that the verbs form in the active is different from the passive, and this is our next step in understanding this lesson.
2-The rule of passive voice
the verb form in the passive sentence is written this way :
BE + Past participle
Important : (Be) takes the tense/time of the verb in the active form .
the following table shows the different tenses in the active/passive forms:
|simple present||Leila feeds an animal||an animal is fed by Leila|
|present continuous||Leila is feeding an animal||an animal is being fed by Leila|
|present perfect||Leila has fed an animal||an animal has been fed by Leila|
|simple past||Leila fed an animal||an animal was fed by Leila|
|past continuous||Leila was feeding an animal||an animal was being fed by Leila|
|past perfect||Leila had fed an animal||an animal had been fed by Leila|
|the simple future||Leila will feed an animal||an animal will be fed by Leila|
|future perfect||Leila will have fed an animal||an animal will have been fed by Leila|
|modal verbs||Leila can feed an animal||an animal can be fed by Leila|