Past Perfect tense
Past perfect tense

Past Perfect tense

1. The form of past perfect tense

The past perfect tense is written this way:  Had + past participle

Ex: had played

Had seen

Had gone

2. The uses of past perfect tense

  • The past perfect tense is used to clarify the order of two actions in the past. Consider this example:

My brother went to school at 07h45. I woke up at 09h00.

The 1st action is (my brother went to school)  the 2nd action is (I woke up).

So The first action is going to be in the past perfect tense, whereas the second action will be in the simple past.

My brother had gone to school before I woke up.
 
  • The past perfect tense is used to express regret or wishes in the past. consider this example:

Last year I didn’t have good grades because I didn’t work hard.

                     I regret I hadn’t had good grades.

                     I wish I had worked hard.

  • The past perfect is used with Conditional type 3. consider this example:

Last year I didn’t have good grades because I didn’t work hard.

If I had worked hard, I would have had good grades.

If + past perfect

  • The past perfect is used in reported speech. consider these examples:
  1. Direct speech: ” I saw a film yesterday”
  2. Indirect: he said he had seen a film yesterday.
  1. Direct speech: ” We have just finished our meal”‎
  2. Indirect: he said they had just finished their meal.

3. Time expressions used with past perfect tense

As soon as, never, already+ Past perfect When + Simple past
Until, just, since + Past perfect By the time + Simple past
After + Past perfect Before + Simple past

Examples :

  • My brother had gone to school before I woke up.
  • after I had revised my lessons, I watched a film.
  • I had never seen such a film before.

 

Need some exercises? Click Here.

 

4 COMMENTS

  1. First of all thank you so much for sharing, I appreciate the way u teach students… but it seems to me that it d be better to teach only the main use of the past perfect ,that is an action that happened before another in the past… yet, what u shared is an opportunity for teachers to refresh their minds.Keep up the good job . Thank you so much again.

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