Ticket 2 English Unit 10: Brain Drain
According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary :
Brain Drain is the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another usually for better pay or living conditions
Causes of brain drain
Push factors (reasons that are in their countries of origins)
- Unsatisfactory living conditions
- Lack of research and other facilities including support staff
- Declining quality of the educational system
- Social unrest, political conflicts and wars
- Discrimination in appointments and promotions
- Lack of satisfactory working conditions
- Low wages and income
Pull factors (reasons that are in the host countries)
- Higher wages and salaries
- Substantial funds for research, advanced technology, modern facilities
- Political stability
- Better working conditions
- Intellectual freedom
Other Vocabulary related to the unit
- Brain drain: The emigration of educated professionals to other countries
- Physician: A person who practices medicine
- Physicist: An expert in physics
- Scholar: An educated person who has gained mastery in one or more disciplines
- Income: Revenue
- Gain: Obtain something needed or wanted
- Underdeveloped: Not yet fully developed
- Skilled: Having the ability to perform a task expertly and well
- Unskilled: Not having a special skill or training
- Tempting: Highly attractive
- inter: Between, among (intercontinental)
- extra: Outside, beyond (extraterrestrial)
- intra: Within, inside (intracellular)
- under: Less than, insufficient (underpaid)
- over: Excessively, more than (overpopulated)
- super: Above, over, beyond (supersonic)
- hyper: Above, over, excessive (hypersensitive)
- Brain drain
- Low pay
- Attract attention
- Developed countries
- High technology
- Skilled workers
- Job opportunities
- Host countries
- Human resources
2- Functions: expressing regret
A regret can be about something in present or in past.
If it is in present then we use the rule of: present wish or conditional 2
If it is in past then we use the rule of: past wish or conditional 3
|Present situation||Regret in present|
|Past situation||Regret in past|
Grammar: Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses
- Both Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses begin with WH-words (who , which , whose ……..)
- Restrictive clauses: are not set off by commas , they are dependent , very important and limit the meaning .
- Non restrictive clauses: are set off by commas , they are independent , not very important to the meaning
Who = used for persons
Which = preferences
Whose = possession
That = people, animals and things
- She has a son who is a doctor.
- She lives in a city, which she likes a lot.
- That boy, whose jeans are blue, is my friend.
- I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.
hello sir i really appreciate your help thank you so much . Allah Bless you.
but please i didn’t find unit 9 ?
d. had left
Many thanks brother Nabil, a lot of success!
Thank you very much Mr. Sbaybi for this valuable website.
Thank you very much Mr. Sbaybi for these valuable website.