Ticket to English 1 Unit 2 Society

0
243
Ticket to English 1 Unit 2 Society

1- Vocabulary

What is society?
Society is a group of people living in the same place and sharing the same values.

We should help:
The children- the poor people- the disabled/people with special needs- the elderly people- the adolescents- the homeless people- the jobless people- the sick people, etc.

  • Hospitality: Ability to welcome people offering them food and shelter.
  • Adolescence: Period of life from 13 to 18 years old
  • To socialize: To spend time with others in a friendly way
  • Homeless: Without a home/house
  • Autonomy: Independence
  • Generation gap: A difference in ideas and behavior between older and younger people.
  • Divorce: Separation of husband and wife
  • Jobless: Without an occupation
  • Joyriding: To drive a car for pleasure at high speed
  • Tolerance: The capacity of respecting the opinions, religion, or behavior of others.
  • To complain: To express discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness.
  • Childhood: Period of life from birth to 13 years old.
  • Shelter: Somewhere to live in.
  • Handicapped: A person having a physical or mental defect

Vocabulary: Prefixes and Suffixes (Word Formation)

Prefixes

are a group of letters that come at the beginning of a word and they usually change its meaning:
Example:
Happy vs Unhappy
Pleasure vs Displeasure

Suffixes:

are a group of letters that come at the end of a word and they usually change its category (verb – noun – adjective – adverb….):
Example:
Home (noun) – homeless (adjective)
Comfort (noun) – comfortable (adjective)
Lazy (adjective) – lazily (adverb)
Dark (adjective) => darken (verb)

2- Functions / communication: Expressing Complaint

A complaint is expressing displeasure, discontent or unhappiness about a situation or an event.

NOTICE:
Complain (verb)
Complaint (noun)

Making complaints

  • I have got a bit of problem here, you see……
  • I am afraid I must make a serious complaint.
  • I just do not know how to say it but, …………
  • Look, I am not really satisfied with the way you…………
  • I am in the obligation of saying that………
  • I have a serious complaint about…………
  • I have been patient long enough, but………
  • I want to complain about…
  • Excuse me if I am out of line, but…
  • There may have been a misunderstanding about…
  • I’m sorry to bother you, but …

Accepting complaints

  • I do apologize for…
  • I must apologize for…
  • I apologize for…
  • I would like to apologize for…
  • I am so sorry for…
  • I should not have…
  • It is all my fault.
  • I am ashamed of…
  • Please, forgive me for…
  • Excuse me for …
  • I am terribly sorry for…
  • Pardon me for this…
  • Please, forgive me for my….
  • Please, accept my apologies for…

Rejecting complaints

  • Well, I am afraid there is nothing we can do about it.
  • I am afraid there is not much we can do about it.
  • It wasn’t my fault
  • Well. I am not to be blamed for that

3 – Grammar: Articles A, AN, THE

Articles aan, and the are used with nouns. The articles a and an are used before singular countable nouns. The article the is used before countable and uncountablesingular and plural nouns.

Countable Nouns are nouns we can count. They are nouns that take the plural form

Examples:
pen – pens
boy – boys
hour – hours
university – universities

Uncountable Nouns are nouns we cannot count. They do not take the plural form.

Examples:
bread
coffee
money

  1. A/an (the indefinite articles)
    The form a is used before singular words beginning with a consonant, or a vowel with a consonant sound:
    – a pen
    – a boy
    – a hat
    – a one-man show (o here is a consonant sound)
    – a university ( u here is a consonant sound)

    The form an is used before singular nouns beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or a silent h:
    – an apple
    – an intelligent boy
    – an egg
    – an onion
    – an hour (h is a silent letter. it is written but not pronounced

We use the indefinite articles A and AN:

1. There are several things, but I want only one of them not a definite one:
Give me a pen (any pen).
I need a cup of flour.

4. Professions and trades:
Bob is a teacher.
Lina is an actress.

5. With some fixed expressions:
she has got a lot of friends.
He uses a large amount of space.
I need a few more plates.
May I have a little more tea please.
I go to school once a day.

2. First reference to something or someone:
– I met a boy and a girl in the street. The boy was wearing a jacket and the girl was wearing a skirt.

3. Classification of objects and people:
a
cat is an animal
An ape is a monkey
a house is a building

6. After what and such (to express exclamation):
What a
gentle boy!
She is such a talkative person!
It is such an interesting topic!

  • The (the definite article)
    The definite article THE is used with countable nouns singular and plural and with uncountable nouns
    Examples:
    The apples
    The eggs
    The students

    We use the indefinite article THE:

1. With reference to a person or an object already referred to:
– I met a boy and a girl in the street. The boy was wearing a jacket and the girl was wearing a skirt.

3. Names of hotels:
The Maamoura hotel
The Hilton Hotel

5. Names of oceans, seas, rivers, and mountains:
The Atlantic Ocean
The Mediterranean Sea
The River Sebou
The Atlas Mountains

7. Reference to a certain category of people:
The homeless.
The jobless.
The sick.
The rich.

9. Reference to things which are unique:
The sun is shining
The earth is not flat

2.Names of some countries:
The United States
The Netherlands
The Philippines

4. Names of newspapers:
The Daily Express
The Sunday Times

6. Names of organizations:
The United Nations
The British Council

8. With superlatives:
Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco.
He is the most careful person I’ve ever known.

10. Reference to the nation as a whole:
The English are cold blood
The Moroccan eat couscous

11. Nouns followed by who, which, that, where, whose:
The person who lives next door is gentle.
The butter which I bought was fresh.
The place where I live is popular.

– Grammar: Used to (Past Habit)

When we want to talk about something we frequently did in the past as a habit we use the form
 USED TO + INFINITIVE

Affirmative:
when I was a child, I used to cry a lot
they used to play football
we use it to get up early
Negative:
we did not/didn’t use to take sandwiches to school
we never used to go on long Holidays
Interrogative:
did you use to cry when you were a child?
what did you use to do on Sundays?

4 – Writing: Life in Past and Life in Present
As we said before, every paragraph should contain a topic sentence, developing sentences, a concluding sentence, and linking words.

(Topic Sentence) Life in present is totally different from life in the past in different ways. (developing sentences) To begin with, people used to travel by carts, but now they travel by cars and planes. Also, they used to communicate with landline phones. Yet, they now use smartphones. Furthermore, people used to listen to the radio but now they use satellite dishes and the Internet. Another difference is that people in the past used to eat food they made at home yet in today’s world most people eat fast food. (concluding sentence) To sum up, life nowadays is not the same as life in the early days. 

Advertisement

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.