Unit Citizenship Review

These exercises are meant to be Unit Citizenship Review, which is part of Gateway 2 English 2 textbook. They deal with vocabulary, reading, grammar, communication and writing. Just go to the section you like and do the exercises. Don’t forget to post your answers in the comment section and get the answers.

Reading

Citizenship covers knowledge, understanding and skills about many different aspects of life. It provides opportunities for you to learn about your rights and responsibilities, government, communities and identity.

Surprisingly, few people know very little about government or what local councils do. The same can also be said for understanding what your rights are. There are many ways that we look at ourselves as citizens and each involves different aspects of our lives.

We all have rights, but it‘s important to remember that we have responsibilities too. Responsibilities can be legal, such as paying taxes, or moral. Something that is moral is the right or correct thing to do, though we are obliged to do it by law. For example, dropping litter or spitting in the street. No one will arrest you for that, but the street will be dirty through this misbehaviour.

Wherever there are rights, responsibilities exist. If you have the right to education, someone has the obligation to provide it for you. But you have the responsibility not to disrupt lessons and prevent your classmates from their right to education.

Back in the 1940‘s, after World War II, the UN made a list of rights that everybody should have. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is generally agreed to be standard for all people. It is also the basis for other human rights legislation, such as the European Convention on Human Rights and The UN convention on the rights of the child.

If you feel your rights are violated by a public authority, such as a local council, the police, a hospital, etc…, you can go to the court.

A. Are these statements true or false? Justify.
1. Citizenship involves only responsibilities towards your community.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. The UN convention on the rights of the child was adopted after the UDHR.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

B. Answer these questions.
1. How many types of obligations are there? What are they?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. What should be done if someone‘s rights are not respected?
………………………………………………………….

C. Complete these sentences according to the text.
1. Rights always go together with…………………………………………
2. One of the students‘ obligations is …………………………………………………………

D. Find in the text words meaning the same as.
1. Chances: ( paragraph 1 ) ……………..……….
2. Bad conduct: ( paragraph 3 ) …………………
3. Not respected: ( paragraph 5 )……………………..

E. What do the underlined words in the text refer to?
1. that (para 3): …………………… 2. It (para 4): ……………………

Vocabulary (Idioms)

A. Read the sentences carefully and try to figure out the meaning of the underlined idiomatic expressions:
Advantages and disadvantages – what do you mean? – very easy – be in somebody‘s position – good and bad things – confused – very successfully – heavily – a lot of money – a very long time – bored – seize all opportunities – suffer from consequences of something – certain of getting something – not successful(=bad at sth) – small and not important things. Learn much in a short time.

  1. Ali is a smart student. The BAC is in his bag: ………………………………………………….
  2. The last English quiz was a piece of cake: ……………………………………………
  3. Television has pros and cons: …………………………………………………….
  4. If I were in your shoes, I‘d work hard this year to get my Bac: ………………………………
  5. Jack is good at languages but in science, he‘s a dead loss: …………………..
  6. He gave up drinking wine that‘s why he‘s going cold turkey: …………………………..
  7. I haven‘t‘ seen my family in donkey’s years: ………………………………………
  8. The house costs us arms and legs: ……………………………………………………
  9. It was raining cats and dogs: ………………………………………………….
  10. The thief took everything and left just the odds and ends: ……………………………….
  11. life is full of ups and downs: …………………………………………………..
  12. I passed the BAC exam with flying colours: …………………………………………………….
  13. when looking for a job, don‘t let any opportunity slip through your finger: …………….
  14. I don‘t know to organise this work. I am at sixes and sevens: …………………………
  15. I am fed up with hearing the same comments of my dad every day: ……………..
  16. I don‘t get your idea. What are you driving at? ………………………………………….
  17. I did well in the test because I was cramming for it: ………………………………..

B. Fill in each blank with the right idiomatic expressions from the list
a piece of cake b. pros and cons c. fed up with d. what are you driving at? e. in the bag
f. dead loss g. with flying colours h. ups and downs i. odds and ends j. go cold turkey

1…………………………………? I didn‘t really get your message.
2. Business is like the weather. You know, in business there are always…………………………..
3. My younger brother is completely a………………………in Mathematics because he always needs my help.
4. The last match against Kenya was………………………..…for the national team. They scored 3 goals in the Kenyan goalkeeper.
5. He was so addicted to alcohol but these days he‘s………………………….because he
gave up drinking suddenly.
6. Globalisation is a two-edged sword. It has…………………………………………….
7. I am …………………………..doing the same thing every day. It‘s really killing me.
8. They prepared well for the exam that‘s why they passed it…………………………………..
9. The criminal took all the important documents and left just……………………………………..
10. The exam was ………………………….

Grammar (Reported Speech)

To revise this lesson click on this link: Reported Speech

A. Report the following sentences as suggested.
1. “I‘ll buy you a new scooter if your school results are better”
The father told his son…………………………………………………………………………
2. “I‘ll teach you how to create a web page.”
Sallah offered to……………………………………………………………………………….
3. “I can‘t remember how much I paid for this computer”.
Sarah told me…………………………………………………………………………………..
4. “Where have you been? We‘ve been looking for you for hours”.
My friend asked me…………………………………………………………………………….
5. “I met Sally at the supermarket this morning.”
Peter said…………………………………….

B. Report the following sentences using one of the reporting verbs from the list below.

suggest – admit – promise – threaten – complain

1. “Why don‘t you think of finding another job?”
Bob‘s friend………………………………………………………………….
2. “I‘ll take you out for dinner if you behave yourselves.”
The children‘s mother ……………………………………………………………..
3. “Our next door neighbours are always having parties.”
Susan‘s colleague ……………………………………………………………….
4. “If you don‘t stop this noise, I‘ll call the police.”
The neighbour…………………………………………………………………….
5. “Well, to tell the truth, it was my fault.”
Adam ……………………………………………………

Communication

A. Read the dialogue and say what do the underlined expressions express?
Mike: You know? Sometimes I feel sorry I went into business.
Adam: Really? Don‘t you like what you‘re doing?
Mike: Well, I get a good salary, but the job doesn‘t really interest me. I wish I hadn‘t followed my family‘s advice. If I had gone for low, I could‘ve been a lawyer.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

– To express regret about a past situation, we use the following structure:
………………………………………………………………………………
Examples:
I had a bad mark in Maths last week because I didn‘t take enough time to revise my lessons.
If only I had revised my Maths lessons last week. Or I wish I had revised my lessons last week.

B. Respond to the following situations using “ if only” or “wish” to express regret.
1. You missed the bus yesterday because you didn‘t get up early.
I wish………………………………………………………………………………….…
2. Your scooter was stolen because you didn‘t lock it.
If only………………………………………………………………………………….……
3. You went on a picnic to the mountains but you got stuck in the snow.
If only……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. You lent your iPod to your friend and he lost it.
I wish……………………………………………………………

Writing

A. Study the following plan
Introduction:

Thesis statement: many Moroccan families don‘t know what to do when their children want to have
internet connection at home.

Body:

Arguments for:
Argument 1: the children will get familiar with this technological tool.
Argument 2: the children will use it for educational purposes and improvement.
Argument 3: the children will spend more time at home instead of staying out.
Arguments against:
Argument 1: the children will become computer addicted.
Argument 2: family ties will diminish and deteriorate.
Argument 3: the children might use the internet in a wrong way.

Conclusion

A balanced conclusion: the internet at home can affect the Moroccan children either negatively or positively in their educational as well as personal life.
Personal point of view: having the internet at home is safe as long as it‘s controlled by the parents to make sure it‘s used in the right way.

B. Combine the information above to write a For and Against Essay. Pay attention to punctuation marks and use different linking words and transitions.

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