Unit Sustainable Development Review

Unit Sustainable Development Review

These exercises are meant to be Unit Sustainable development Review, which is part of Gateway 2 English 2 textbook. They deal with vocabulary, reading, grammar, communication and writing. Just go to the section you like and do the exercises. Don’t forget to post your answers in the comment section and get the answers.

Reading

While voices are rising constantly for the protection of Planet Earth- the natural habitat of the human race- from various ecological threats, these same voices seem to show an amazing tolerance for a form of pollution that is a growing problem: noise. Airplane traffic is increasing by five percent a year. Urban noise is doubling every ten years and is getting increasingly diverse as city life becomes more dependent on technology and robotics. By air, land and sea, we are facing an onslaught of noise that is threatening our ability to survive safely in this world.
We have granted ourselves the right to make noise. But what about our responsibilities? Have we developed a sense of acoustic responsibility? The evidence suggests that we have not. Many people seem to believe they have an unlimited liberty to make noise with cars and motorbikes and with loud music at home and in the street. In some countries, measures have been taken to force people to produce less noise. In Britain, for example, a law has been passed preventing people from disturbing their neighbours with music at night. But though these measures constitute one step towards recognizing noise as a shared environmental concern, they still address the issue only partially and don‘t allow for a concrete change to take place.
It is widely accepted now that we should deal with our rubbish in a responsible way, and many people have started to demonstrate awareness of this conventional form of pollution. Noise is, in reality, a particularly insidious form of rubbish. It destroys community life, pursues us into our homes to spoil our tranquillity, keeps us from sleeping and is the cause of many stress-related illnesses, as well as hearing loss. Our acoustic environment is property to us all. Everyone has the right to use it, but no one has the right to abuse it. Let‘s start using it sensibly.

A. Answer these questions.

1. Why is our world becoming more difficult to live in?
………………………………………………………………
2. How can noise affect our lives?
……………………………………………………………….

B. Are these sentences true or false? Justify.

1. Nowadays, people seem to be as concerned with acoustic pollution as they are with the other conventional forms of pollution. ……………………………………………………………………………….
2. British law protects people from all forms of acoustic pollution………………………………………………………………………………..

C. Complete the following sentences.

1. People have given themselves the right to make noise, but they have not
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Although some countries have taken important measures that will make of noise a public responsibility.
.…………………………………………………………………………………

D. Choose the right answer from the list given. Tick the appropriate box.

1.The level of noise produced in towns and cities

a. is less great after every 10 years.
b. is twice as high now as it will be after ten years.
c. is twice as high now as ten years ago.

2. Many people think that

a. they have the right to use motorcycles and cars noisily.
b. motorcycles and cars are not noisy.
c. motorcycles and cars are disturbing

E. Find in the text words or expressions that mean the same as:

1. strong attack (paragraph 1):…………………………
2. dangerous (paragraph 2):……………………………………
3. to use in an improper manner (paragraph 3):………………………

F. Fill in this table with appropriate form for each word.

Verb Adjective Noun
1. develop ………… …………
2. ………… Sustainable …………
3. ………… Populated …………
4. ………… ………… Pollution
5. prosper ………… …………
6. ………. ………… Interdependency
7. ………. Determined …………
8. impoverish ………… …………
9. ……….. ………… Destruction
10 interconnect ………… …………

Vocabulary

A. What do the following sentences express?

1.The man runs away like the wind: ……………
2.Time is money: …………………..
3. A simile: ………………..
4. A metaphor: ………………….

B. Identify whether the following sentences are similes or metaphors.

1. ……………. ―Juliet is the sun‖. (Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet)
2.……………. Mary was showered with gifts for her birthday.
3.……………..Mr. Smith‘s wealth is the fruit of hard work and long experience.
4.…………….―My love is like a red, red rose.‖(Robert Burns, a British poet)
5.………………―And I‘ve been working like a dog‖ (Lennon and McCartney, British singer)
6.…………The little kid was as quiet as a mouse while his mother was doing the housework.
7. …….……..Health is a crown on man‘s head which no one can see but the sick man. (a proverb)

C. Write 4 examples of similes and metaphors.

1. ……………………………………………………
2. ……………………………………………………
3. ……………………………………………………
4. ……………………………………………………

Communication

A. Read the dialogue and fill in the chart with the right expressions.

Beth: Hi Jane!
Jane: Hi Beth! The New Year vacation is coming, where are you going to spend your holiday?
Beth: I have not decided yet! But, I might go to Morocco. I‘m not sure.
Jane: That‘s great Beth.
Beth: A lot of tourists visit Morocco every year; Hundreds of thousands.
Jane: Oh I see! I‘m sure Morocco is a wonderful country.

Certainty Uncertainty
………………………………… …………………………………

 

B. Add the following adverbs to the table above.

Absolutely, Actually/ Allegedly/ Apparently/ Positively/ Unmistakably/ Surely/ Seemingly/ Reportedly/ Possibly/ Supposedly/ Probably/ Hypothetically/ Doubtfully Definitely/ Presumably/ Invariably/ Obviously/ Purportedly/ Certainly/ Hopefully/ Evidently/ Clearly/ Perhaps/ Theoretically/ Undeniably/ Undoubtedly/ Unquestionably.

C. What do the following speakers express? Certainty, uncertainty, probability, or asking for an opinion. 

1. Ghizlan: do you think the measures taken to solve these social problems may lead to good results? ………………..….
2. Chakib: I‘m uncertain about that because some measures aren‘t clear for me to expect any improvement…………………
3. Green peace representative: world climate changes might lead to serious economic and social problems in our continent…………………………
4. A minister to journalists: I do believe that our negotiations will yield good results in the few coming months………………………..

D. What would you say in the following situations?

S1: the problem of unemployment in Morocco will be solved completely in a few years.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
S2: sustainable development is not just a dream for some economists, but a reality if we join our efforts.
……………………………………………………………………………

E. Write your own sentences using expressions of certainty and uncertainty.
………………………………………………………

Grammar

A. What do the following sentences express?

1. Ali has a lot of cars and villas (Present sentence).

a. Ali must be rich ……………………………
b. Ali can‘t be poor ………………………….
c. Ali may/ might/ could be happy
Form:………………………………………….

2.Ali had a lot of cars and villas (Past sentence)

a. Ali must have been rich………………………………………………………..
b. Ali can‘t have been rich………………………………………………………..
c. Ali may have been happy………………………………………………………….
Form:…………………………………………………..

3. a. You must respect the low………………………………………………………….
1.You should respect the low…………………………………………………………..

4. a. You had to drive slowly…………………………………………………….……..
2.You should/ ought to have driven slowly……………………

B. Use an appropriate modal verb with the verb in brackets. Pay attention to the tense.

1. Employees (respect) ………………………..………………the rules of our company.
2. Employees (ensure) ……………………………adequate environment for their employees.
3. You (start) ……………………………….your revision many weeks before.
4. Our boss (have)……………………………a problem these days. We haven‘t seen him smiling for a long time.
5. Tom (meet) …………………………………………….his friends of childhood when he visited his mother in London.
6. The bank (not approve) ……………………………………..your project a year before because it was not well prepared.
7. You (be)…………………………..tired. Your eyes are red

C. Modals in the passive

1. Present: you must finish the work now: ………………………………………………………………..
2. Past: you could have driven the car: ………………………………………

D. Put each of the following sentences in the passive using the modal and the verb in brackets.

1. I‘m almost sure she was injured in a car accident. (must/hit)
She ………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Maybe the house was there 20 years ago.(could/build)
The house………………………………………………………………………………..
3. It‘s impossible that Jay got an invitation to the party.(can‘t/ invite)
Jay……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. It would have been better to mail the letter by Federal Express. (ought to/ send).
You ………………………………………………………………………………………

Writing

A. Read the film review and match each paragraph with its corresponding subheading in the list.

1. Authors opinion: paragraph ……
2. Recommendation: paragraph …….
3. Summary of the plot: paragraph …..

Titanic is a love story between two young lovers (Jack and Rose) from different social classes who met on board. Leonardo DiCaprio (Jack) who is a poor boy wins a ticket aboard the Titanic in a game of Poker. Kate Winslet (Rose) plays an unhappy member of a rich family who is bored by social rules. She wants to commit suicide: fortunately for her, she runs into DiCaprio and then begins a romance story as gigantic and big as the Titanic itself. The two main characters are fascinating and are both deeply human. Titanic takes place in 1912. It was going from England to America but it never got there because it hit a giant iceberg and sank.
All the elements (special effects, actions and so on) in the film are amazing, and they help the story and its characters. That‘s how movies should be. Films should be about their characters, not about action sequence.
Titanic is one of the fascinating films realized by Hollywood. It can be enjoyed by all types of audiences. I would recommend this film: it is really one of the interesting films to be watched.

B. Study the following steps of writing a film review.

1. Introduction: give the title and director and mention the names of the actors.
2. Body: summarize the plot in a few sentences. Mention the setting: the place and time of the plot. Say
something about the main characters. Say something about the content.
3. Conclusion: comment on the film. Let others know whether or not you liked the film. Why do you like it? Why don‘t you like it? Is the film interesting or boring etc. do you want to recommend the film?

C. Useful Expressions:

The film is directed by………../ the film is produced by………../ it is starred by…………/ the book is written by…….
Settings: the action takes place in…./ the action of the film is set in………../the story takes place in…..
Characters and Plot: the main characters are ……/ the story is about……../ the film begins with…/ the end of the film…………
Reaction: I‘m impressed by…../ I think…./ the film is terrible/ exciting……/ what surprised me is…../what I liked…… what I didn‘t like is…..I liked/ didn‘t like the film because …….

D. Write a film review of a film you have just seen.

 

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