Unit women and power review

Unit women and power review

These exercises are meant to be Unit women and power review, which is part of Gateway 2 English 2 textbook. They deal with vocabulary, reading, grammar, communication and writing. Just go to the section you like and do the exercises. Don’t forget to post your answers in the comment section and get the answers

Reading

Empowering Women aims to inspire women with the courage to break free from the chains of limiting belief patterns and societal or religious conditioning that have traditionally kept women suppressed and unable to see their true beauty and power. There is a pertinent need to empower women and the competitiveness of the country depends on the capability of its women who constitute more than half of the population. This enormous contribution to the country will greatly heighten the country‘s advancement.
Women empowerment is in a higher position today. But though women have shown their power, yet a large number of them still have to face a lot of hurdles. So in order to bring women into the limelight, they need to be empowered. Empowering women enhances their ability to influence the changes and create a better society. Other than education, changes in women‘s mobility and social interactions are necessary.
Women are one of the greatest assets of our society. They are equal to men in every aspect.
Education attainment and economic participation are the key constituents in ensuring the
empowerment of women. Education is the most important thing in all spheres of activities. Without proper education, women will not be able to fulfil their desires. Education is the tool that can help break the pattern of gender discrimination and bring lasting change for women in developing countries. Educated women are essential to ending gender bias, starting by reducing the poverty that makes discrimination even worse in the developing world. The most basic skills in literacy and arithmetic open up opportunities for better-paying jobs for women. The longer a girl is able to stay in school, the greater her chances to pursue worthwhile employment, higher education, and a life without the hazards of extreme poverty. By educating the women of the country, the country develops further and the women themselves gain personal benefits.

A. Answer the following questions from the text.
1. What is the goal of empowering women?
…………………………………………………………………
2. What do we need in order to empower women?
…………………………………………………………
3. In what way education is important to the empowerment of women?
…………………………………………………………………

B. Say whether the following statements are true or false, justify your answer.
1. A countries development depends on the empowerment of women
……………………………………………………….
2. Education of women enhances women‘s participation in social life
……………………………………………..
3. Men and women are different
………………………………………………………………………

C. What do the following words refer to?
They (paragraph2):…………………
her (paragraph3):…………………..

D. Write down the main ideas of the text.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Vocabulary

A. Complete the following tables with the meanings or category of the prefixes and suffixes

Prefix Suffix Meaning /category
anti- Antivirus …………………………
auto- Autopilot  …………………………
co- copilot  …………………………
dis- disappear  …………………………
ex- ex-president  …………………………
il-, im-, in-, ir- illegal, immoral,
inconsiderate,
irresponsible
 …………………………
micro- Microscope  …………………………
post- Postmortem  …………………………
pre-,
pro-
precede, project  …………………………
un- Unfinished  …………………………
miss- Misused  …………………………
re- Redo  …………………………
over- Overheat  …………………………
ance- Performance  …………………………
er-, or- Programmer,
Accumulator
 …………………………
-tion Execution  …………………………
-ist, -yst Analyst, typist  …………………………
-ness Definiteness  …………………………
-ing Multiplexing  …………………………
-ism Magnetism  …………………………
-ship Relationship  …………………………
-ize,
-ate
Optimize
Automate, activate
 …………………………
-ly Logically  …………………………
-able Comparable  …………………………
-ful Helpful  …………………………
-less Helpless  …………………………
-ish Childish  …………………………

 

B. Read the following sentences and add the right prefix or suffix to the words between parentheses.
What you’re saying is 1. (relevant)………………………. to the subject we are discussing. We are not talking about physicians. We are rather talking about the 2. (physics) …………………….that think there are a lot of other 3.(divisions)……..……………………of the matter. It is almost 4.(rational)………to say that the things you can’t see are 5. (existent)……………………………… I don’t think that famous 6. (science)……………………..is a 7.(chemistry)…………………. He is rather a 8. (veterinary)…………He conducts experiments on animals. He said that 9.(cooked)………………….meat is 10.(healthy)………. because it still contains dangerous fatty substances. Some people believe that 11. (terrestrial)………………………….beings exist and they come to earth on some sort of 12.(sonic) ………………… crafts with 13.(ordinary)…………………………shapes and speed. I think we are (developed) in comparison to them. However, there are some people who still think they are just a 14. (natural) ………………………… phenomenon.

Grammar (Passive voice)

A – Complete this table with the passive voice

Tense Active Passive
Present simple help/helps ……………………………….
Present continuous am/is/are /helping ……………………………….
Present perfect Have/has helped ……………………………….
Future simple will help ……………………………….
Past simpel helped ……………………………….
Past continuous was/were helping ………………………………
Past perfect had helped ………………………………
Modal verb can, could should………………… ………………………………..

 

B. Rewrite the following sentences using the passive.
1- When we got to the airport, we found that they had cancelled our flight.
When we got to the airport, we found……………………………………………………………..
2- They offered Mary the job but she refused it.
Mary………………………………………………………./……………………………………………….
3- There is somebody walking behind us. I think he is following us.
There is somebody walking behind us. I think……………………………………………………………
4- They didn‘t tell me what I should exactly do.
I …………………………………………………………………..
5- The police stopped me while I was driving home.
I ……………………………………………………………………

C. Re-write the following sentences beginning with the words given.
1- Most scientists believe that current environmental catastrophes are due to global climate changes.
It is………………………………………………………………………………….
2- Most activists believe that community service plays an important role in alleviating poverty.
Community service………………………………………………………………………………
3- Economists say that without advanced information and communication technology, we can‘t become competitive.
It is said………………………………………………………………………………………
4- Some people think that extraterrestrials visit our planet from time to time.
Extraterrestrials………………………………………………………………

Communication

A. Read the following dialogue and underline the expressions of Apology
Barbara: I was waiting for you in the coffee shop but you didn‘t come.
Steve: I‘m awfully sorry, darling. I really forgot it.
Barbara: Don‘t worry about it.
Steve: Another time perhaps.

B. Put the following expressions in the right place
Excuse me – please accept my apologies – that‘s ok – I beg your pardon – I am sorry
It doesn‘t matter -forget about it- It is ok, let‘s forget all about it – Nevermind –
I really don‘t know what to say, I am sorry. Don‘t worry about it – I do apologise – that’s alright – no problem – I am awfully sorry

Apologizing: ………………………………………………………………….

Accepting apology: …………………………………………………………..

C. Read the following situations, then use the appropriate expression to express your apology.
Situation1: you were assigned homework to hand in to your teacher the next day; Apologies to him/her for not being able to bring it in due time.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Situation2: you accused a classmate of taking your English textbook. After a short time, You found it somewhere at home. Apologise to him/her.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Situation3: you had an appointment with some friends but you didn‘t arrive on time. Express your apology.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………

D. Write a short dialogue in which you use expressions of apologizing, and accepting apology.

Writing

A. Parts of argumentative essay
Introduction:

Paragraph 1:

– What is the general idea of the essay?
– Background information to help explain what the issue is about
– Main thesis: what you will be defending through your essay as a whole.

 

Body:

Paragraph 2:

– Argument 1 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive examples.

 

Paragraph 3:

– Argument 2 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive examples.

 

Paragraph 4:

– Argument 3 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive examples.

Conclusion:

Paragraph 5:
– Restate the Main Thesis.
– Give an indication of how the thesis was argued for.

B. In your exercise notebook, write your own argumentative essay; check the following points.
1. Is the introduction interesting?
2. Do the paragraphs have a unity? Do they complement each other?
3. Are the ideas supported appropriately? Do they contain examples and details?
4. Are the transitions used correctly?
5. Does the conclusion include a summary?

Check also the following points.
1. Spelling mistakes. 3. Grammar mistakes or wrong tenses.
2. Punctuation mistakes. 4. Copy down your essay.

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