Gateway 2 Unit 4: Women and Power

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women and power
women and power

Gateway 2  Unit 4: Women and Power

Vocabulary related to the unit

  • Stereotype: an exaggerated or wrong image of the characteristics of a particular group .
  • Violence: actions or words which are intended to hurt people .
  • Feminism: a movement which claims to advocate the right of women .
  • Self-confidence: a belief in one’s own abilities and skills.
  • International women’s day: an occasion celebrated by women’s groups around the world on March 8th.
  • Emancipation: freeing someone socially and politically.
  • Polygamy: having more than one spouse/wife.
  • Gender: male or female.

Prefixes and Suffixes

1. Prefixes
A prefix is a group of letters at the beginning of a word which changes the word’s meaning.
Example: dis – pre – contr – anti – re – post – out – co – mis
Disappear – prehistoric – antibiotic – re-elect – post-war – outnumbered – co-exist – misunderstand
2. Suffixes
A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word which changes the word’s meaning and often its part of speech.

Example: -cy –al -ance -ence –ism -able, -ible

privacy- refusal – maintenance – eminence – communism – edible, presentable.

Click here to see a list of  Common Prefixes and suffixes

Functions: Apology (saying sorry)

Making Apology

  • I do apologize for…
  • I must apologize for…
  • I apologize for…
  • I’d like to apologize for …
  • I am so sorry for …
  • I shouldn’t have…
  • It’s all my fault.
  • I’m ashamed of …
  • Please, forgive me for…
  • Excuse me for …
  • I’m terribly sorry for …..
  • Pardon me for this…
  • Please, forgive me for my….
  • Please, accept my apologies for …

Accepting Apology

  • That’s all right.
  • Never mind.
  • Don’t apologize.
  • It doesn’t matter.
  • Don’t worry about it.
  • Don’t mention it.
  • That’s OK.
  • I quite understand.
  • You couldn’t help it.
  • Forget about it.
  • Don’t worry about it.
  • No harm done.

Grammar: Passive Voice

To see the lesson of the Passive voice click on Passive Voice

Writing: Argumentative / Opinion Essay

An Argumentative / opinion essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree with an issue. It is in this kind of essays where you are whether For or Against an idea or matter. You need to convince the reader that your idea is right. Of course, this is done by providing reasons to support our opinion. It is one of the most common essays in TOEFL, IELTS and TOEIC tests.

The outline would be like that:

IIntroduction

Explanation of the issue

IIBody

  • Paragraph one:

A. Your first argument.

B. Your second argument.

C. Your Third argument.

  • Paragraph two

D. First opposite argument.

E. Second opposite argument.

F. Third opposite argument.

III. Conclusion

State a summary of your point of view.


Usually the questions are like that:
 What is your opinion / give your opinion / what do you think of / do you think that …..?

  • Introduction (explanation of the issue)

Nowadays the issue of …………(name the subject matter you want to discus)…………………….. is a serious matter, because (give a general reason, don’t rush into details now)……………………………... Yet, a lot of people don’t think so. The reason for this is ………………….(give a general reason, don’t rush into details now).

  • Body
  1. Paragraph 1 (your arguments)

There are several reasons behind the importance of ……………………(name the subject)……..
To begin with, ……………….(The 1st reason)…………………………………………. secondly, …..
……………….(The 2nd reason)………………………... Also, ………………….(the 3rd reason)……
………………(note here, you can use as much as you can of reasons).

2. Paragraph 2 (the opposite arguments)

On the other hand, there are people who don’t stand on the same ground for this matter. They think so because of different arguments. First of all, ……………….(The 1st reason)………………….. Moreover, ……………….(The 2nd reason)………. In addition to this, …….(The 3rd reason)………(note here, you can use as much as you can of reasons too).

  • Conclusion (Stating your point of view)

To sum up / in my opinion / as I see it / I think / I believe that the issue of……………………. is of a paramount importance because of (state some of the reasons you provided before in another way) .

Review this unit

Unit women and power review

7 COMMENTS

  1. hello teacher i have problem about the passive voice

  2. Hi there, where is the text related to women and power? Thank you

  3. Hi teacher I have problem about passive voice

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