Gateway 1 Unit 1 our cultural heritage
Morocco is a country with a multi-ethnic society and a rich culture, civilization, and etiquette. Throughout Moroccan history, Morocco has hosted many people, in addition to the indigenous Berbers, coming from the East (Phoenicians, Arabs), South (Sub-Saharan African), and North (Romans, Vandals, Spanish-Andalusians both Muslims and Jewish). All of these have left an impact on the social structure of Morocco. It has also hosted many forms of beliefs, from Paganism, Judaism, Christianity to Islam. Each region possesses its own uniqueness, contributing to the national culture. Morocco has set among its top priorities, the protection of its diversity, and the preservation of its cultural heritage.
Vocabulary of the Unit
|Historical monuments and architecture||Food||Arts and crafts||Geography and landscape|
Functions/communication skills: Expressing opinions and beliefs
|Asking about opinion or belief||Giving answer about opinion or belief|
- Simple past tense
There two types of verbs in the simple past: Regular and Irregular
Regular verbs are verbs that takes the (ed) when changed to the past simple
- Examples : watch → watched
Listen → listened
Irregular verbs have no rule
- do → did
- be → was/were
- have → had
- speak → spoke
- Use :
We generally use the simple past tense to talk about:
1. something that happened once in the past/ for a finished action in the past
• I met my wife in 1983.
• We went to Spain for our holidays.
• They got home very late last night
- Time expressions used with simple past :
• three weeks ago
• last year , month, week, hour ………
• in 2002
• the previous week ,lesson, month…………
- Articles : A / an / the
- Indefinite articles : a / an
“A” and “an” signal that the noun modified is indefinite, referring to any member of a group. For example:
“My daughter really wants a dog for Christmas.” This refers to any dog. We don’t know which dog because we haven’t found the dog yet.
- Definite Article: the
The definite article is used before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific or particular. The signals that the noun is definite, that it refers to a particular member of a group. For example:
“The dog that bit me ran away.” Here, we’re talking about a specific dog, the dog that bit me.
Writing: Punctuation and capitalization
|1- names of people ( Peter – Asmae – Khalid )
2- name of places ( Hassan Tower – Jamaa Lfna…)
3- countries and cities (Morocco – Rabat – Kenitra…)
4- at the beginning of a sentence.
5- titles in reading texts .
6- days and months ( Monday – Friday – February …..
7- public holidays and feasts ( The Independence Day – The Green March….)
8- languages ( Arabic – English – French ….)
9- titles of books and magazines (La Boîte à Merveilles – Romeo and Juliet…)
|. period (or full stop)
“ ” quotation marks double
? question mark (or interrogation point)
! exclamation point
( ) parentheses (or brackets)
[ ] brackets, square (or braces)
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