Gateway 2 Unit 1: Education

A concise summary of unit one (education) in the English book for baccalaureate students (gateway 2)

Target Vocabulary

Types of education:

There are many types of education, but the most frequent ones are: Formal, Non-formal, and informal education

  • Formal education: refers to the types of learning that are taking place in an educational institution, where there is a syllabus, a teacher and is usually recognized in a qualification or a certificate.
  • Non-formal education: refers to learning through a program (like formal education) but it is not usually evaluated, and it does not lead to certification.
  • Informal education: refers to any learning resulted from activities related to our daily life.
  • Vocational education: Prepares learners for careers or professions related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.
  • Special education: Describes an educational alternative that focuses on the teaching of students with special (behavioral, health academic or physical) needs that cannot be met using traditional programs or techniques.
  • Inclusive education: It is the one that addresses the learning needs of children, youth and adults especially those who vulnerable to marginalization and exclusion.
  • Gifted education: is a broad term for special practices, procedures, and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.
  • Basic education: The whole range of educational activities taking place in various settings (formal, nonformal and informal) that aim at meeting the basic learning needs such as reading, writing, and arithmetic.

Examples of Education:

  • Formal education: Secondary school, vocational training workshop-university studies.
  • Non-formal education: Evening classes, literacy classes.
  • Informal education: Theater, television, daily life in general.


collocation is a pair of words that generally goes or occurs together. Here are some related to education.


  • Higher education
  • University graduate
  • Free classes
  • Learning needs
  • Mixed classes
  • Cultural background
  • Adult illiteracy
  • Education system/goals/background
  • School subject/year/uniform
  • Private lessons/institution/school
  • Equal opportunities/rights/status

Functions/communication: making request

A request is asking someone to do a favor or for something. It’s important to be polite when doing so. Making and responding to a request can be done in different ways. The following lines will show you how.

Making Request

  • Could you, please…….?
  • Can you………….?
  • Will you……….?
  • Do …….(something)…… for me, please.
  • Is there any chance you could…?
  • Do …….(something)…… for me, will you?
  • Do you think you could………?
  • Could you possibly…….?
  • I wonder if you could possibly………?
  • Do you mind (verb+ing)………? (it is like saying: Is there a problem if….?)
  • Would you mind (verb+ing)………? (it is like saying: Is there a problem if….?)

Responding to request

  • Yes, sure.
  • Sure.
  • Yes, of course.
  • Certainly yes.
  • With pleasure.
  • Sure, don’t worry.
  • Sure, no problem.

Accepting request

  • Yes, sure.
  • Sure.
  • Yes, of course.
  • Certainly yes.
  • With pleasure.
  • Sure, don’t worry.
  • Sure, no problem.

Refusing request

  • Oh sorry, I can’t.
  • I just can’t, I am sorry.
  • I am afraid, but I can’t.
  • Certainly not.


Speaker 1:Could you please help me with this exercise?
Speaker 2: Yes, of course.

Speaker 1: Do you mind going with me to the market?
Speaker 2: No, I don’t mind (accepting request)

Speaker 1: Would you mind giving your brother a lift downtown?
Speaker 2:Yes. (refusing request).

Speaker 1: I wonder if you could possibly repair this engine?
Speaker 2: Sure, don’t worry

Grammar : Gerund and Infinitive

Click here to see this lesson : gerund and infinitive

Writing: Linking words

  • Adding information or emphasizing a statement: and, also as well as, moreover, furthermore, in addition, additionally, next, secondly, thirdly……
  • Making comparison: similarly, likewise, in the same way, equally…….
  • Expressing concession and contrast: although, however, yet, but, despite, whereas, in contrast, while, Conversely….
  • Providing reasons: for this reason, To this end, for this purpose, because, since, so that….
  • Explaining results: as, as a sequence, as a result, hence, therefore, thus, so…
  • Providing examples: for example, for instance, In other words, such as….
  • Drawing conclusions: as has been noted, finally, in brief, in short, to summarise, consequently, therefore, In Conclusion, In other words, accordingly ……

Click here for a list of linking words.

More advanced Linking words

Linking Words exercises with answers

Review this unit: 

Formal informal and non-formal education review


  1. This is so priceless sir , THANK YOU allah yaj3elha f mizan hassantkom , i’m following your Facebook page since 3 years now , this year i’ve registred to get the bcclaureat deploma (i had my baccalaureat in 2013) i have found this work of yours today sir i’m so happy that’s so helpful thank you JAZAK ALLAHO KHAYR

  2. Thanks a lot for such a great job

  3. you are the best motherfucker teacher i’ve seen it before

  4. Thank you M.Nabil , I consider you efforts and your website and I have chance to learn the true english from your interesing lessons an I hope q.Allah help u .well done ☺

    • You are most welcome, Anonymous. Thanks should go to you for your nice words 🙂

  5. عفااك مغديش تحط تخراج ديال ص 16 نص ديال
    The development of human learning

  6. Loubna El marun

    Thank you so much Mr Nabil … it’s very helpful 🙂

  7. Thanks so much. Your voice is not so clear. Try to improve the audio quality. ✌

  8. kind of you to share with us your experience in teaching. Nice to meet you

  9. Could you give as a list of formal informal non formal education

  10. a million thanks to you teacher for your efforts that you have made to make us successful

  11. a million thanks to you teacher for your efforts that you have made to make us successful

  12. thanks si nabil your website is great may ALLAH reward you;

  13. شكرا بزاف بزاف أستاد نبيل معاك فاطمة زهراء من جرسيف

  14. I would like to thank u a lot for all, it’s really very important i hope i can be a successful teacher like u sir thanks again 🙂

    • There is nothing to thank for. It’s a duty.
      I believe I am not that successful teacher to be the same as.
      But still I have to say thank you for your warm speech 🙂

  15. Hello, Sir
    I would like to warmly thank you for the efforts you have made to make such an interesting Website . it s really very helpful for high school students . i have come across it by chance . you have been sharing the information . may Allah help you .

  16. Thanks for this outstanding work. Good job. I like your selfie with the students.

  17. thanx a million Mr, Nabil

  18. Thanks for sharing.
    It’s amazing ☺

  19. Thnks for ur efforts.thnks again for sharing ur efforts.

  20. Tnx ssi nabil though i see that our ss will just copy n paste for class participation

    • 🙂
      some of them may do that. But I think at least copying and pasting is an effort in itself 😀

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