Gateway 2 unit 1 : Education


A concise summary of unit one (education) in the English book for baccalaureate students (gateway 2)

Target Vocabulary : education

1 – Types of education :

there are many types of education but the most frequent ones are : Formal , Non-formal, and informal education

  •  Formal education : refers to the types of learning that are taking place in an educational institution , where there is a syllabus , a teacher and is usually recognised in a qualification or a certificate .
  • Non-formal education : it refers to a learning  through  programs (like formal education ) but it is not usually evaluated and it does not lead to certification .
  • Informal education : it refers to any learning resulted from activities related to our daily life .
  • Vocational education: Prepares learners for careers or professions related to a specific trade, occupation or vacation
  • Special education: Describes an educational alternative that focuses on the teaching of students with special (behavioural, health academic or physical) needs that can not be met using traditional programs or techniques.
  • Inclusive education: It is the one that addresses the learning needs of children, youth and adults especially those who vulnerable to marginalization and exclusion
  • Gifted education: is a broad term for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented
  • Basic education: The whole range of educational activities taking place in various  settings (formal, nonformal and informal) that aim t meet the basic learning needs such as reading, writing and arithmetic

Examples of Education:

  •  Formal education : Secondary school vocational training workshop-university studies.
  • Non-formal education : Evening classes ,literacy classes.
  • Informal education : Theater, television, daily life in general .

2 – Collocations

A collocation is a pair of words that generally goes or occurs together .Here are some that are related to education.

 Collocation related to education
Education system
School subject
Private lessons
Equal opportunities
Other collocation :
  • higher education
  • university graduate
  • free classes
  • learning needs
  • mixed classes
  • cultural background
  • adult illiteracy

Functions / communication: making request

A request is asking someone politely either for something or to do something .

Making request and responding
Making request Accepting Declining / refusing
  • Can /could you+infinitive…
  • Would you mind+gerund…
  • I wonder if you can/could … Do you mind if …
  • Feel free Yes,
  • of course, With pleasure
  • , I am awfully sorry
  • No , YOU/I can’t

Examples :
A : Could you please help me with this exercise ?
B : Yes . of course .
A : Would you mind helping me with this exercise?
B : I am awfully sorry but I am busy now .

Grammar : Gerund and Infinitive

Click here to see this lesson : gerund and infinitive


Writing: Linking words

Click here for a list of linking words.

More advanced Linking words

Linking Words exercises with answers

Review this unit: Formal informal and non-formal education review


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