Gateway 2 unit 10 : International Organisations

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international-organisations
The UN Headquarter

Gateway 2 unit 10: International Organisations

Vocabulary

According to Wikipedia:

An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence. There are two main types: governmental and non-governmental organizations. These pages provide facts sheets about some of these organizations.

1- Acronyms (abbreviations) of Famous International Organizations

UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation
ICESCO: Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNICEF: United Nations Children‘s Emergency Funds
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
WHO: World Health Organisation
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
ICRC: International Committee of the Red Crescent / Cross
TI: Transparency International
AI: Amnesty International
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
ILO: International Labour Organization
ITU: International Telecommunication Union

2– Some Collocations Related to International Organisations

NB: Credits for these collocations go to Mr. Bouhout Hamid

  • hold a summit
  • Maintain peace
  • settle a dispute
  • restore order
  • recruit volunteers
  • run a campaign
  • veto a decision
  • humanitarian aid
  • fund-raising campaign
  • emergency relief
  • farewell speech
  • cease fire
  • financial assistance
  • bilateral relations
  • peace treaty

3- Other Vocabulary related to International Organizations

Officials (persons)‎

  • Spokesman
  • deputy
  • diplomat
  • vice president
  • commissioner
  • ambassador
  • secretary-general

Documents

  • Charter
  • resolution
  • report
  • declaration
  • constitution

Establishment (places)

  • Assembly general
  • headquarters
  • congress
  • court
  • council

Functions: Expressing Good news and bad news ‎

Telling Bad and Good News

Telling Bad News

  • I feel sad to tell you that…………
  • I am sorry to tell you such bad news, but…………….
  • I know it’s bad news, but…………….
  • pull yourself together, ……………..
  • I’ve got a bit of bad news to tell you……
  • I have some bad news for you, ………

Telling Good News

  • You won’t believe such good news, ……………….
  • I have some joyful news for you, ………………
  • I have some wonderful news to tell you, …………
  • I’ve got a bit of good news to tell you……

Responding to Good News

  • Sounds great
  • My goodness
  • That sounds like great news!
  • Superb
  • Congratulations
  • Great news
  • I’m glad to hear that!
  • You cannot imagine how glad I am to hear such great news
  • Are you kidding
  • I can’t believe it
  • What fantastic news!
  • Really?
  • Incredible

Responding to Bad News

  • Sorry to hear that
  • Oh, my Lord
  • I’m sorry to hear such bad news.
  • You cannot imagine how sad I am to hear such bad news
  • Are you kidding
  • I can’t believe it
  • That must be terrible
  • Really

Grammar: Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs consist of a verb and a particle (preposition, adverb). The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely. For example::

  • look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary)
  • look for – seek (look for her ring)
  • look forward – anticipate with pleasure (look forward to meeting someone)

To fully understand this lesson, have a look at here: PHRASAL VERBS

Writing: Expressing Comparison and Contrast

Comparison: Expressing Similarities

comparing something to something else, or someone to someone else can be done with different linking words. Here are some examples:

  • Both Mohamed and Mariam love cats (It means that Mohamed loves cats and Mariam loves cats too.
  • He is a doctor like his father. (It means that both the son and the father are doctors)
  • He is our teacher and likewise our friend.
  • Her way of thinking is similar to her sister.
  • Her way of thinking is the same as her sister.
  • He’s a comedian who also does magic.
  • Nobody loves you as your parents do.

Expressing Contrast

I like to eat fish but not to catch them.
It was raining; but/ yet/ and yet, Ann went out without an umbrella.
Although /Though/ Even though it was raining, Ann went out without an umbrella.
Despite / In spite of the rain, Ann went out without an umbrella.
It was raining; however, / nevertheless,/ nonetheless, Ann went out without an umbrella.

More expressions and examples are here: Linking Words

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