Gateway 2 unit 9 : Sustainable development

Sustainable development
Sustainable development

Gateway 2 unit 9: Sustainable development

Vocabulary related to the Unit

According to Wikipedia :

Sustainable development is a road-map, an action plan, for achieving sustainability in any activity that uses resources and where immediate and intergenerational replication is demanded. As such, sustainable development is the organizing principle for sustaining finite resources necessary to provide for the needs of future generations of life on the planet. It is a process that envisions a desirable future state for human societies in which living conditions and resource-use continue to meet human needs without undermining the “integrity, stability and beauty” of natural biotic systems.

Sustainable development

  • Social issues :
    Health care / social justice
    Poverty elimination
    Property rights / equal pay for women
  • Economic issues :
    Raw materials
    Climate change
    Micro enterprise
    Transport infrastructure
  • Environment issues :
    Climate change /ecological crisis
    Water pollution/forest preservation
    Recycling waste/energy preservation

 Collocation: ‎
A collocation is a pair of words that generally ‎goes or occurs together .Here are some that are related to ‎Sustainable development :
Civil society
Non‏-‏governmental organization
Sustainable development
Renewable energy
Urban areas

Functions :Expressing certainty and uncertainty

Certainty is the state of being sure about something.It’s when you have no doubt about it.

Uncertainty is the antonym of  certainty .It is when you are unsure or doubtful about something .

certainty uncertainty
  • Undoubtedly
  • It is crystal clear
  • No one can deny
  • Will not be
  • To be sure
  • Certainly
  • Must
  • I doubt ‎
  • May + verb ‎
  • Guess + verb ‎
  • Probably ‎
  • Think ‎
  • Assume ‎
  • Can ‎

Grammar : Modal verbs:

This lesson is thoroughly discussed here : Modal Verbs .




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