Gerund and Infinitive

12
24630
gerund and infinitive
gerund and infinitive

Gerund and Infinitive

What is a gerund and what is an infinitive ?

A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund form of the verb “read” is “reading.” You can use a gerund as the subject or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

   Reading helps you learn English.( subject of  the sentence)

I enjoy reading. (object of the sentence)

The Infinitive is the “to” form of the verb. There are two forms of the infinitive : Bare (without to ) and full infinitive ( with to ). The infinitive form of “learn” is “to learn.” You can also use an infinitive as the subject or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

To learn is important. (subject of sentence)

He wants to learn. (object of sentence)

Expressions and verbs used with the gerund

gerund (VERB + ‘ING’ FORM) : Note: the underlined verbs are used with the full infinitive too.
VERBS
acknowledge – admit – anticipate – appreciate – attempt – avoid – begin – carry on – can’t help/resist/stand – look forward to – cease – celebrate – complete – confess – consider – delay – deny – detest – discuss – dislike – endure – enjoy –
fancy – feel like – finish – forget – give up – go – go on – hate – imagine – include – intend – involve – it’s worth – keep (= continue) – like – love – mention – (don’t)mind – miss – neglect – postpone – practice – prefer – quit – recall – recollect
recommend – regret – remember – resent – resist – risk – spend – start stop – suggest – tolerate – understand – waste time
– spend time – be/get used towatch

Examples :

  • the doctor advised him to avoid eating junk food
  • you need to carry on working if you want to get good grades
  • tome gave up smoking 15 years ago.
  • she hates watching horror films
The gerund is used similarly after the following expressions
It’s no use … / It’s no good … / There’s no point in …/ What’s the use of …? / To be busy … /Don’t mind … / It’s (not) worth …/ Have difficulty in … / To be accustomed to …

Examples :

  • it’s no use crying over spilled milk.
  • tom is busy looking for a job these days

Expressions and verbs used with the Full infinitive ( to+verbs)

full infinitive: VERB + TO + INFINITIVE .Note: the underlined verbs are used with the gerund too.
VERBS adjectives
afford – agree – appear – arrange – attempt – beg – begin – care – cease – choose – claim – consent – decide
demand – deserve – fail – forget – happen – hate help – hesitate – hope – intend – learn – like love – manage – mean
need – neglect – offer – plan – prepare – prefer – pretend – promise – propose – refuse – remember – resist – seem – start
stop – struggle – swear – threaten – try – volunteer – wait – want – wish – would hate/like/love/prefer – be allowed to
nice – glad – sorry – happy – willing – pleased – angry – afraid – ashamed – annoyed

The Full infinitive is also used after the WH-words and after ( the first , the second , the third…)

examples

  • the teacher agreed to postpone our test
  • I wish to have / to get a good mark in my exam
  • it’s nice to see you
  • the mother is annoyed to see her son careless .
  • “I don’t know which choice to make”  said the girl to her mother
  • “the first to get a good mark is going to have a gift”  said the teacher to his students
Verb + object + full infinitive
 advise – allow – ask – beg – cause – challenge – command – convince – dare – enable – encourage – expect-forbid – force – help – hire – instruct – invite – need – order – permit – persuade – recommend – remind – require – teach-tell – urge – want – warn – wish – would like – would love – would hate – would prefer

examples :

  • I want you to come with me.
  • The teacher advised us to revise well.

Expressions and verbs used with the bare infinitive (verbs)

bare infinitive ( verb)
can/could – shall/should – will/would – may/might – have to – must – had better – help – hear – let – let’s – make – would rather/sooner , rather than/ – used to – watch

examples :

  • They can speak English
  • let’s revise our lessons
  • you had better play some sports before you get fat .

Expressions and verbs used with the Full infinitive ( to+verbs) or the gerund

full infinitive / gerund
attempt – begin – cease – forget – hate – intend – like – love – neglect – prefer recommend – remember – start – stop – watch

Examples :

  • Tom stopped to smoke/smoking 15 years ago
  • she hates watching/to watch horror films

Need Some exercises ? Click here .

 

 

12 COMMENTS

  1. Thank you so much for your support 🙂

  2. thankyou for sharing! May ALLAH BLESS YOU BROTHER

  3. great work brother/ May allah bless your life

  4. Hello! I’ve been reading your blog for quite a long time now lastly got the bravery to go ahead and offer you
    a shout out of Dallas Tx! Just wished to tell you continue the fantastic
    job!

  5. your the best thank you so must

  6. Mrs. Ilham Haddadi

    thanks for sharing your lessons with us.
    I recommend your site to my students
    Goooood luck.

  7. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  8. Great remarkable issues here. I am very happy to peer your post. Thank you a lot and i’m taking a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  9. Tienda Isabel Marant Madrid

    Tienda Isabel Marant Madrid

    Stunning quest there. What happened after? Take care!

  10. so kate louboutin

    so kate louboutin

    Magnificent website. Plenty of useful information here. I am sending it to some pals ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you in your sweat!

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.